To the centenary of "Das Heilige" by Rudolf Otto
// Philosophy and Culture. – 2018. – ¹ 2.
– P. 33-42.
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Abstract: The object of this study is the influence of the book of one of the best authors of the XX century, Rudolf Otto. The subject of this study is the conceptual core of his teaching: the state of otherness and its transcendence through the numinous feeling. Phenomenology of religion R. Otto is consonant with the theme of interconfessional and interreligious dialogue, as it puts in front of the researchers the actual issues of interaction between secular and religious, liberal and conservative, legal and moral. What are the principles and levels of interreligious and interconfessional dialogue? Is interaction possible between religious and secular discourses? Are religious discourse and religious rhetoric permissible in politics, education and other "secularized" spheres of public life? The idea of the paper is to reveal the phenomenology of Otto as a method of transcending humanistic communication.The paper is based on general scientific methods of theoretical level: comparative, genetic, system, and structural types of analyses. General scientific methods of the empirical level are represented by an counting. From general methods, the author relied on analysis / synthesis, abstraction / concretization, generalization / restriction. From the private scientific philosophical methods, hermeneutics was used. The toolkit of scientific research includes the following arrays of scientific knowledge: rsl.ru, elibrary.ru, google.scholar.ru. The main conclusions of the conducted research are: 1) the construction of socio-cultural objects is connected with the individuation and concretization of diverse cultural worlds; 2) the Rudolf Otto’s phenomenology of religion is a method of contextual correlation of various spiritual practices, that contributes to the formation of consensus formations, semantic clusters; 3) "Das Heilige" establishes communication between rational and irrational trends in philosophy, seeks to resolve their disputes; 4) the phenomenology of Otto is of value to the state policy in the field of religion representation in secular societies. The novelty of the research is the positioning of Otto on the field of the pluralistic-synergistic process of the noosphere among K. Jung and R. Fricke, W. James and M. Eliade. The field of application of the results: history of philosophy, phenomenology of religion, intercultural communication.
Keywords: phenomenology of culture, the Sacred, Das Heilig, Mircea Eliade, Rudolf Otto, transcendence, Other, numinous, Otto's phenomenology, life world
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