Religions and religious renaissance
Bunkovskaia E.M. —
Comparative analysis of the conceptual-imagery system of Mahayana sutras and Guhyasamāja Tantra symbolism
// Philosophy and Culture.
– 2019. – ¹ 3.
– P. 17 - 26.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0757.2019.3.28914 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=28914
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This article represents an attempt of comprehension of the peculiarities of Tantric Buddhism, namely Guhyasamāja Tantra, in contrast with Mahayana Buddhism. The antra text contains multiple specifically Buddhist expressions, which in Buddhist tradition correspond with certain concepts that have a particular rational and ethical content. However, in tantra, these expressions fade their direct meaning, and are used as the symbols encapsulating mystical secrecies, which the adherers of tantric doctrine desire to grasp. If in Mahayana sutras, the topic of preaching is usually is the profound comprehension of meaninglessnesses (emptiness) of all dharma and compassion to all creatures, in Guhyasamāja Tantra Bodhisattva and Tathāgata ask for the attainment of ineffable secrecy of the condition of enlightenment. The comparison of Mahayana sutras with Guhyasamāja Tantra, on one hand, emphasizes the similarity of composition, use of analogous topics, terms and motives; and on the other hand – a completely new, tantric interpretation of the indicated approaches and terms. Clear parallels can be drawn in composition and structure between Guhyasamāja Tantra and Buddhist sutras, namely Prajnaparamita; however, the real and legendary places and characters are often replaced with the symbolic and mythological. The author assumes that the extensive use of the composition of Buddhist text and traditional terminology should contribute to “legitimation” of tantra and emphasize its affiliation to Buddhist tradition.
Tibet, Tantra, Buddhist studies, Buddhism, Guhyasamāja tantra, Guhyasamāja, Tibetology, Mahayana, Nyingma, Symbolism
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