Sokolov R., Rogozhina E.M., Ryzhov I..
Technologies of functioning of the private military services market and features of Customer-Private Military Company interaction
// Conflict Studies / nota bene. – 2022. – № 1.
– P. 48-62.
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Abstract: The authors consider in detail the topic of the private military services market as a special system with a limited number of participants and extremely limited effect of market laws. Special attention is paid to the topic of the relationship between the customer and the contractor, as containing a counterintuitive problem - the desire of the contractor to maximize the customer's expenses and delay the implementation of the tasks set. Another contradiction is connected with this problem - the balance of control and efficiency, the study of which is also given in this paper. The authors consider the key features of the private military services market, the actors that operate on it, the mechanisms for regulating the activities of customers and performers, which, in essence, determine the contradictions that arise between them. A special contribution to the study of this problem by the authors is the consideration of Private military companies as an element of the private military services market. The market itself seems to the authors to be a source of key contradictions in the relationship between the principal and the agent in the implementation of military tasks. The authors reveal the system of interaction in the military services market by establishing the main influencing factors of both the external environment and the market's influence on the environment. For the first time, the interaction of the customer-PMCs within the framework of existing contracts is considered in detail, the interests of the parties and the mechanisms for their implementation are systematized. The authors consider two methods of solving already existing contradictions: the method of "strategic privatization" and the method of "deal with Faust". The authors have developed an original method of "controlled competition", which potentially solves a greater number of contractual contradictions.
Keywords: international humanitarian law, Military services market, Israel, modern international relations, closed markets, USA, Germany, international security, international law, private military companies
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Rogozhina, Е.М. , Ryzov I.V. & Sokolov R.N. (2020) . Specifics of Private military and security companies activity (at the example of the Middle East) // Conflictology /nota bene, 4, 1-18. doi: 10.7256/2454-0617.2020.4.34041
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Rogozhina E.M., Ryzhov I.V., Sokolov R.N..
Specificity of work of private military companies in the XXI century (on the example of Near East)
// Conflict Studies / nota bene. – 2020. – № 4.
– P. 1-18.
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This article is dedicated to examination of the phenomenon of private military companies as a regional actor of security. Leaning on the analysis of international normative legal documents, the authors derive the definition of private military companies due to the fact that neither academic nor applied spheres have precise understanding of this phenomenon. The key research method is the structural and functional analysis, which allows authors considering the object of study from the perspective of various systems of actors. With the increased demand for private military services, private military companies gradually shift from the category of organizations serving military operations to the category of full-fledged independent military organizations that are capable of fulfilling the functions of regular army. For the past two decades, the market for private military services has grown from $ 55 billion to over $200 billion in 2010. The scientific novelty consists in comprehensive overview of various aspects and trends that take place in the market of private military services, as well as in classification of motives and consequences of usage of private military companies in armed missions. The authors discuss the question of international legal status of private military companies, provide practical examples of their activity with the prolonged consequences for regional systems of international relations, analyze the mechanisms of use of these companies in the current context, as well as synthesize the key factors of the increased demand for their services. The absence of regulation of the work of private military companies and ambiguous status of their employees in international law make it virtually impossible to impose international responsibility upon them.
Keywords: Middle East, international relations, regional subsystems, international law, armed groups, private military companies, Russia, USA, State of Israel, Germany
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