Nadtochii I.O., Nikishin S.V..
Conflict between an individual and the state in the concept of Max Stirner
// Conflict Studies / nota bene. – 2021. – ¹ 4.
– P. 12-23.
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Abstract: The subject of this research is the views of the German classical philosopher Max Stirner on the individual, society, and the state reflected in his flagship work “The Ego and Its Own”. The object of this research is the anarchism as a unique trend in the world political and philosophical thought. On the one hand, the author emphasize the determinedness of the ideas of German philosopher by the historical atmosphere of his time, while on the other – view anarchism as the doctrine with the equally long history in the world thought and practical implementation of the anarchist concepts. The focus of M. Stirner's ideas lies in the conflict between an individual and the state. The scientific novelty of this article consists in the analysis of the essential conceptual conflict, immanent to the history of mankind, which is the foundation for M. Stirner’s original concept of the relationship between an individual, the state, and surrounding world. The trueness of being in the concept of German philosopher is determined by the embodiment of the anthropocentric, or according to M. Stirner, the “egoistic” ontological ideal. The authors' special contribution consists in the analysis of views of M. Stirner, as well as in tracing correlation between the anarchist concepts and realization of the ideas of anarchism in one or another form. The authors show no reference to any value judgments related to this ideological phenomenon.
Keywords: history, practice, concept, anarchism, ideology, idea, conflict, philosophy, politics, thought
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Suleimenov A.R., Ryzhov I.V..
The political language of modern Islamism: practices of legitimation of the International Terrorist Organization “Islamic State” (terrorist organization banned in Russia)
// Conflict Studies / nota bene. – 2021. – ¹ 3.
– P. 1-17.
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Abstract: This article analyzes the ways of legitimation that are characteristic to the Russian-language propaganda of the terrorist group “Islamic State” that is banned in Russia. The arguments the extremist propaganda resorts to are revealed on the example of the online magazine “Istok”: founded on Muslim law, legitimation on the basis of Quranic texts, appeal to moral justice of the establishment of “Caliphate”, and positioning of “Caliphate” as the traditional sovereign state with its attributes. Description is given to the peculiarities of the Russian-language jihadist propaganda and radical discourse of the “Islamic State” overall: an important distinctive feature of the Islamist propaganda is the archaic motives. Having studied the propagandistic materials, the author outlines such features of jihadist propaganda as propensity to determinism and fatalism, orientation towards eschatological worldview, reference of the logical and political arguments to the times of the establishment of Islam. Application of the methods of political linguistics to the information product of terrorist organization reveals the basic strategy of legitimization of the “Islamic State”, which resorts to the archaic, establishment of the “caliphate” of Islamists to the time of origination of Islam and the era of the “righteous caliphs”. The elements of the traditional state are largely translated onto the external, non-Muslim environment: coverage of the activity of the administrative structures of Islamic State, demonstration of the own economic system, and abundance of national symbols. The analysis of propagandistic materials allows concluding on the nominal role of the leader of the jihadist group Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, whose name is associated not only with the phenomenal success of the jihadist project, but also the equally painful defeat that the “Islamic State” suffered in the end.
Keywords: radicalism, jihadism, legitimation, terrorism, propaganda, Islamic State, radical islamism, islam, ISIS, extremism
Malinova O. Yu. V ozhidanii ob'edinyayushchego narrativa: simvolicheskoe izmerenie postsovetskoy transformatsii Rossii. Rets. na kn.: Gill G. Symbolism and regime change: Russia. – Cambridge: Cambridge univ. press, 2013. – viii, 246 p. // Simvolicheskaya politika. 2014. ¹2. – URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/v-ozhidanii-obedinyayuschego-narrativa-simvolicheskoe-izmerenie-postsovetskoy-transformatsii-rossii-rets-na-kn-gill-g-symbolism-andata obrashcheniya: 30.10.2021).
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Malinova O. Yu. V ozhidanii ob'edinyayushchego narrativa: simvolicheskoe izmerenie postsovetskoy transformatsii Rossii. Rets. na kn.: Gill G. Symbolism and r
“Conflict models” of transformation of civilizational political projects: an attempt of theoretical comprehension
// Conflict Studies / nota bene. – 2020. – ¹ 1.
– P. 54-61.
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Abstract: The subject of this research is the conflict models of transformation of civilizational political projects: “cyclic models” of conflict transformations, “linear” models of conflicts transformations, “impulse models” of conflict transformations, “discrete models” of conflict transformations. Analysis is conducted on the factors and mechanisms of conflict transformations of civilizational political projects: “energy sources” of conflict transformations, impact of “sociocultural potential” of a civilizational political project upon the character and vector of its changes. The article also assesses the heuristic capabilities of civilizational-project methodology of studying transformations of civilizational political projects. Methodological framework is comprised of the civilizational theory coupled with the project approach. The author examines the causes of conflict transformations of civilizational political projects, as well as highlights typical models of conflict transformations. The modern scientific literature has multiple studies dedicated to the specificity of creation, implementation and maintenance of civilizational political projects. The internal mechanism of their creation and functionality are subjected to detailed expert examination. At the same time, systematic scientific research that touch upon the problematic of transformation of civilizational political projects are carried out fragmentarily. It particularly pertains to the works focused on the conflict aspects of transformations of political projects.
Keywords: design subject, core state, conflict transformation, models of transformation, transformation of projects, civilizational political design, civilizational political project, project identification, project resources, project structure
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Gorbachev M.V. Politicheskiy proekt kak problema politologicheskogo analiza // Politicheskaya kontseptologiya. 2018. ¹ 2. S. 47-57.
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