Chernova A.V., Vasileva E.A., Fedorovskaya N.A..
Masters of decorative and applied art of the Spassky Factory of artistic ceramics in search of a unique style
// Culture and Art. – 2023. – № 6.
– P. 77-88.
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Abstract: The significance and artistic results of the Far Eastern ceramic productions launched in the second half of the XX century and liquidated at the beginning of the XXI century, as well as the creativity of the masters and artists who worked for them, are currently insufficiently studied In the Primorsky Territory, this is largely due to the general decline of the industry, the complexity of collecting primary information, the lack of reliable data, the problem of attribution of products etc. The subject of the study is the activity of master artists who worked at the art ceramics factory in the city of Spassk-Dalny, Primorsky Krai. The research was carried out using a set of theoretical and empirical methods, including comparative-historical, biographical, formal-stylistic, as well as interview methods and included observation, which allowed to identify the key figures of the masters who influenced the formation of their own unique style characteristic of this plant. As a result of the study, it was found that the formation of the creative team was carried out both from visiting specialists with specialized education and from local artists. Among the most significant masters of the Spassky Art Ceramics Factory are E. E. Skurikhin, A. I. Gornich, S. V. Danilyuk, Z. H. Zhelandinova, V. A. Lavrenova, A. A. Lupey, N. B. Ovchinnikova, L. Y. Skrynnikova, O. Timofeeva. These artists have made a significant contribution to the improvement of molding technologies and decoration of utilitarian and highly artistic products. The results of the activity of master ceramists led to a significant evolution of the forms and types of decoration of the products of the Spassky Art Ceramics Factory, creating their own style based on ethnic and regional flavor. The presented information can be used for attribution of ceramic products, studying the specifics of the author's artistic ceramics of the XX – XXI centuries, forming a general picture of the evolution of Russian decorative and applied art.
Keywords: ceramic decoration techniques, ceramic artist, the artistic style of the enterprise, ceramic production, Spassk-Dalny, Spassky Ceramic Factory, Primorsky Krai, artistic ceramics of Primorye, regional style of ceramics, decorative art
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