Cultural heritage, tradition and innovation
Usov A.A. —
Traditional Peasant Dwelling in Cultural Landscape of Onezhskoye Pomorye (on example of Vorzogory Village)
// Culture and Art.
– 2019. – ¹ 5.
– P. 31 - 41.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0625.2019.5.29339 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=29339
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In the article, the study of traditional peasant dwelling (the subject of the study), as an object, forming a rural cultural landscape of Northern and Arctic territories, is conducted. The aim of the research is to study the architectural-constructive organization of North Russian yard house in the environmental and cultural space of Onezhskoye Pomorye. Pomor culture is a Russian variant of maritime culture of the Arctic. The cultural landscape of the Russian North is, primarily, a landscape of rural historical settlements. The house was one of the ways of environmental reclamation, due to its adaptive abilities, reflected in architectural-constructive and planning organization, human survival in the North and the Arctic became possible. Source of the research: empirical forwarding materials on the Primorsky and Onega districts of the Arkhangelsk region, 2018; archival sources of scientific and production center for the protection of monuments of history and culture (Arkhangelsk), the monuments of wooden architecture from the open-air museum "Small Karelians" (Arkhangelsk region). The article is based on the use of complex of methods: systemic, cultural-historical, art criticism, ethnocultural. Photo fixation of architecture monuments was conducted, schematic measurements were performed, an ethnographical survey of local people by the method of the interview was conducted. The research is based on the application of the author's methodology of Dr. A. B. Permilovskaya on the architectural and ethnographic survey of objects of wooden architecture. As a result of the study, the new information on the architectural-constructive organization of Pomor house, its adaptation to the subarctic climate conditions, and its town-forming role in forming a cultural landscape of unique historical village Vorzogory was received. Results application field: scientific works, the formation of expositions of museums in the open-air, the restoration of monuments of wooden architecture, modern rural housing.
Russian North, adaptation, dwelling, spatial planning, rural historical settlement, cultural landscape, vernacular architecture, traditional culture, the Arctic, Onezhskoye Pomorye
Tomasz Chruszczow. Foreword // Habitat: Vernacular Architecture for a Changing Planet. London: Thames & Hudson, 2017. P. 14-15
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PMA. Usov A. A. Otchet po ekspeditsii v s. Vorzogory, Onezhskiy rayon, 2018. Informant: Slepinin Aleksandr Porfir'evich, 1933 g.r., m.r. i m.p. – d. Kondrat'evskaya, zapis' 2018.
Ukaz Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsii N 296 «O sukhoputnykh territoriyakh Arkticheskoy zony Rossiyskoy Federatsii» ot 2 maya 2014 goda. URL: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&firstDoc=1&lastDoc=1&nd=102349446
PMA. Usov A. A. Otchet po ekspeditsii v s. Vorzogory, Onezhskiy rayon, 2018. Informant: Rogacheva Nina Pavlovna, 1929 g.r., m.r. i m.p. – d. Kondrat'evskaya, zapis' 2018.
PMA. Usov A. A. Otchet po ekspeditsii v s. Vorzogory, Onezhskiy rayon, 2018. Informant: Gunina Galina Andreevna, 1934 g.r., m.r. i m.p. – d. Yakovlevskaya, zapis' 2018.