Grudtsyna, L.Y., Lagutkin, A.V..
Higher education reform: cluster approach.
// Administrative and municipal law. – 2014. – є 7.
– P. 723-732.
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Abstract: The Russian higher education institution face a problem of introduction of innovations in the conditions of the
forming innovative type of economics, since such innovations are capable of making the higher education institutions more
competitive and forming of the national competitiveness. The modern education system is constantly being reformed and
renewed lately. At least, there is a lot of taking and writing about it. The agenda involves destruction of both technical education
and the education in the sphere of humanities and the crisis is obvious. The linear and sometimes spasmodic reform
of higher education in Russia is supposed to bring the positive results in the end. However, its random character, lack of
expert basis in the cases of uniting various higher education institutions for the formation of federal, national or research
university cause problems, since this classification lacks sufficient basis and it is not likely to bring constructive results. In the
course of scientific study of the problem of formation of the cluster system of higher education in Russia today the authors
used modern general and special scientific cognition methods, namely: analysis, synthesis, systemic, sociological, historic
legal, axiomatic methods, methods of comparative legal studies, document analysis, etc. Their application in combination
with the latest achievements of the legal, philosophical, political and sociological thought has allowed the authors to reveal
and analyze social and legal nature of the institution of education being part of culture, and also to find out the main directions
of the modernization of the higher education institution in the Russian Federation. The nature of the offered reforms
is the formation of the cluster system of higher technical education in Russia. Generally the enlargement of higher education
institutions should be approved, however, this process needs to be corrected. The higher education institutions should
be formed within cluster systems, where enlarged specialized higher education institutions should become parts of united
technological project within the framework of innovative economy for the purpose of uniting all of the stages of scientific
cognition and production, such as a) growing the knowledge base and guaranteeing the global level of scientific research
and studies in the sphere of break-through technologies by development of university as a research center implementing
efficient integration of education and scientific research; b) writing specific educational programs, on which the education
of future professional shall be based, as well and organizing the dialog with the key employers, including polling, holding
seminars, conferences and expert group meetings; c) reproduction of highly professional cadres (for specific types of production
and specific workplaces), which would provide for the formation and distribution of competitive technologies. It
seems that the analogous system of cluster higher education institutions may be used for teaching in the agricultural sector.
For example, there may be formed agricultural higher education institutions specialized in plant production, food industry,
cattle breeding, milk-and-meat industry, textile higher education institutions for the apparel industry, and leather shoes and
apparel industry. All of the said higher education institutions may be formed for the same purpose, for which the mining and
metallurgy academies are formed. At the same time it may be possible to preserve precious elements in the higher education
institutions: their scientific and teaching potential, that is, the scientific schools, which formed for many decades and
which are efficiently working thanks to their basis.
Keywords: education cluster, higher education, cluster reform, research university, higher technical education, education reform, national university, higher technical education, education reform, national university, mining university, agricultural higher education institution, innovations in education.
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Grudtsyna L.Yu. Gosudarstvenno-pravovoy mekhanizm formirovaniya i podderzhki institutov grazhdanskogo obshchestva v Rossii / Avtoref. diss... dokt. yurid. nauk / Rossiyskiy universitet druzhby narodov (RUDN). Moskva