Organizational legal issues regarding limitations of proof in cases regarding ethnic crimes.
// Administrative and municipal law. – 2014. – є 8.
– P. 860-865.
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Abstract: In this article the author studies theoretical issues regarding organizational legal means of defining the limitation
of proof in criminal cases regarding ethnic crimes, as well as some problems of correlation and interrelation
between these limitation and the object of proof in the cases within this category. It is noted in the article that preliminary
investigation on criminal cases on ethnic crimes, especially if such crimes are committed by an organized
group of persons, or if they are characterized with a number of illegal acts always involves some difficulties in part of
organization, collection and investigation of procedural evidence. In this respect it should be noted that the results of
operative investigation activities, including those retrieved with secret investigation, may mostly be used as orienting
information. The methodological basis for the scientific article was formed by the current achievements of the theory
of cognition. In the process of studies the author used general philosophical, theoretical and empiric methods (dialectics,
systemic method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional legal methods
( formal logic method), and methods typical for specific sociological studies (statistical, expert evaluation, etc.). It is
noted in the article that the legal institution of the object of proof is closely related to the limits (boundaries) of proof,
which are understood as necessary and sufficient level of examination of circumstances within the object of proof,
allowing for factual and legal substantiation of the decisions made in the process of proceedings in a case. These are
characteristics of the result of the process of proof, reflecting dialectic of quality and quantity changes in the knowledge
on the circumstances of the cases, revealing the cognitive activity in the dynamics of its development from the
probabilities to verifiable knowledge.
Keywords: process, crime, offence, elements of an offence, responsibility, ethnical, investigation, proof, evidence, criminal.
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