Yanik A.A., Popova S.M., Karpova S.F., Nesterov A.Y..
Migration policy adjustments to address the regional labor markets demands: institutional and legal aspects
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2022. – № 3.
– P. 30-57.
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Abstract: The authors aims to analyze the mechanisms used by the Russian federal subjects for affecting the national migration policy based on the regional labor markets' needs. The authors examined the main opportunities of the regions, available to date, for adjusting the decisions of the federal government in the regulating labor migration flows as well as their institutional and legal foundations. The source base of research is an array of strategic planning documents, regulatory legal acts, administrative documents of public authorities of the Russian Federation and subjects of the Russian Federation for the period of 2000-2022.
The authors present a new definition of the concept of "state policy in the labor immigration regulations". Despite the well-known problem of the lack of a clear delineation of the powers and responsibilities of federal and regional public authorities in migration policy, the regions of the Russian Federation have a number of opportunities to participate both in the implementation of state migration policy and in its regulation for answering the demands of regional labor markets. Authors concluded, despite the peculiarities of regional labor markets, the key control parameter of the regional migration policy is the indicator of the level of social tensions on the labor market. In order to meet the key performance indicators established by the federal center, the subjects of the Russian Federation have to manipulate admissions/prohibitions on attracting foreign labor, responding to rapid economic changes. This makes regional migration policy unpredictable and unstable.
Keywords: Patent, Work visa, Subsidiarity, Delineation of jurisdiction, Subject of the Russian Federation, Labor market, Foreign citizen, Migration flow, Migration regulation, Migration policy
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