The commission of an administrative offense on the Internet as a qualifying sign
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2022. – № 2.
– P. 51-60.
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Abstract: The subject of the study is the norms of the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation, which establish administrative responsibility for acts committed with the use, application or through information and communication networks, including the Internet, as well as materials of law enforcement practice.
The object of the study is the public relations that are developing regarding the bringing to administrative responsibility of persons posting information on the Internet that is prohibited for distribution on the territory of the Russian Federation.
The methodological basis of the presented article consists of methods used in scientific research, such as the method of system analysis, synthesis and the formal logical method. The main conclusion drawn from the results of the study is that, in accordance with the current legislation, it is possible to bring to administrative responsibility any person who posted on the Internet information prohibited for distribution on the territory of the Russian Federation, regardless of when and for what purpose it was committed, whether an unlimited number of people had access to the specified information. It is proposed to protect the rights and legitimate interests of Internet users when developing a new Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation to take into account the fact that the qualifying sign of an illegal act on the Internet should not just be the commission of an offense using communication networks, including the Internet, namely the fact of public dissemination in open access for an unlimited number of people.
Keywords: information and communication network, unlimited circle of persons, open access, public, information, qualifying feature, administrative responsibility, the Internet, Administrative offense, illegal act
Code of the Russian Federation on the settlement of offenses dated December 30, 2001 No. 195-FZ // Rossiyskaya Gazeta, No. 256, December 31, 2001.
Federal Law of July 27, 2006 No. 149-FZ “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection” // Rossiyskaya Gazeta, No. 165, July 29, 2006.
Resolution of June 25, 2021 in case No. 5-246/2021 // SudAkt: Judicial and regulatory acts of the Russian Federation. – URL: https://sudact.ru (date of access: 05/23/2022).
Amelchakova V.N., Suslova G.N. Administrative responsibility, including minors, for the network distribution of obscene statements on the Internet // Bulletin of economic security. 2021. No. 6. S. 18-23.
Gubenkov A.O. Actual problems of cybersecurity in social networks // Personal autonomy. 2021. No. 3 (26). pp. 46-53.
Kurakin A.V., Karpukhin D.V., Saidov Z.A. Problems of modification of administrative and tort law: the factor of digital technologies // Administrative and municipal law. 2019. No. 3. S. 20-27.
The inclusion of individuals riding electric personal mobility devices into social relations in the sphere of road safety (legal and organizational aspects)
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2021. – № 4.
– P. 9-18.
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Abstract: The object of this research is the system of social-legal relations in the sphere of road safety. The subject of this research is the legal norms that regulate the road traffic activity that involves individuals riding electric personal mobility devices. The goal lies in the analysis of the normative framework that regulates the legal status of road users riding personal mobility devices, as well as foreign and domestic experience pertaining to integration of such road users into the existing road infrastructure. Research methodology leans on the fundamental provisions of the theory of law, summary of practical experience, methods of logical, monographic and system analysis. The acquired results can be implemented in the legislative activity of government agencies, law enforcement activity, educational process of educational institutions, scientific research of the experts on the problems of ensuring road safety, as well as for improvement of the branches of Russian legal system. The novelty is defined by practical and scientific significance of the problems of law enforcement activity in the sphere of road safety, as well as the need to improve the legal framework that regulate the participation of individuals riding electric personal mobility devices in road traffic. The author offers the amendments to bylaws for demarcating the categories of personal mobility devices, and determine the legal status of the individuals riding them.
Keywords: foreign positive experience, electric motor, vehicle, means of individual mobility, classification, road safety, road infrastructure, statistics, traffic rules, amendments
Materialy ofitsial'nogo internet sayta gazety "Kommersant'". Stat'ya ot 23.04.2017 g. «Vse na bor'bu s dvukhkolesnym khaosom! Pochemu v Kitae ogranichivayut ispol'zovanie velosipedov» // [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3280510
Materialy ofitsial'nogo internet-sayta Departamenta transporta i razvitiya dorozhno-transportnoy infrastruktury goroda Moskvy // [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://www.mos.ru/dt/
Materialy ofitsial'nogo internet-sayta statistiki GIBDD MVD Rossii // [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://stat.gibdd.ru/
Materialy internet sayta ezhenedel'noy informatsionnoy programmy Rosbalt «Kuda my katimsya: kak elektrosamokaty stali odnim iz samykh opasnykh vidov transporta»ot 28 maya 2021. // [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://www.rosbalt.ru/piter/2021/05/28/1903985.html
Kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh ot 30.12.2001 № 195-FZ (red. ot 20.04.2021) // Konsul'tant Plyus: [Elektronnyy resurs]. http://www.consultant.ru
Materialy ofitsial'nogo internet sayta F
Lipinsky D.A., Makareiko N.V., Musatkina A.A..
On the educational function of administrative responsibility
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2021. – № 3.
– P. 26-36.
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Abstract: The subject of this research is the views of the scholars on classification of administrative responsibility functions and substantiation of the existence and implementation of its educational function. The research methodology employs formal legal and dialectical methods. The authors examine various classifications of the functions of administrative responsibility, analyze the role of educational function therein, and trace its correlation with the general legal functions. It is indicated that namely the educational function does not receive due attention in modern research, and its potential is underestimated. It is proven that the absence of legislative consolidation of educational purpose in the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses is not the reason to deny the educational function of administrative responsibility. The conclusion is made that the achievement of educational goal of the administrative function of administrative responsibility is the result of a comprehensive impact of the broadest range of legal, political, economic, moral-ethical, and other means. Thorough legislative mediation of the measures of administrative responsibility, their effective application, all-round encouragement of active lawful conduct, timely informing legal entities about the capacity of administrative responsibility, and consequences of implementation of its measures, ultimately realigns legal consciousness and “removes” unlawful attitudes. The article substantiates that law-abidance is the initial goal of educational function of administrative responsibility. Legal-abidance is formed not only due to realization of the capacity of law in regulating social relations, but also the concern to suffer deprivations as a result of implementation of administrative responsibility.
Keywords: legal impact, function classification, the purpose education, educational function, legal responsibility, legal responsibility functions, functions of law, administrative penalties, purposes of punishment, functioning legal responsibility
Morozova N.A. Bezal'ternativnye administrativnye sanktsii // Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava. 2019. № 3. S. 129–138.
Zor'kin V.D. PROVIDENIA ili o prave budushchego v epokhu tsifrovizatsii // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2020. № 6. S. 7–19.
Nravstvennost' i pravo. Real'nost' i perspektivy vzaimodeystviya: sbornik nauchnykh trudov / otv. red. V.M. Artemov, O.Yu. Rybakov. Moskva: RG-Press, 2020. 320 s.
Lipinskiy D.A. Problemy yuridicheskoy otvetstvennosti / pod red. d-ra yurid. nauk, prof. R.L. Khachaturova. SPb., 2003. 387 s.
Baranov V.M. Pravosoznanie, pravovaya kul'tura i nravstvennoe vospitanie // Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik / pod red. V.K. Babaeva. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., 2006. S. 345–346.
Lipinskiy D.N. Problemy yuridicheskoy otvetstvennosti. Tol'yatti: Izd-vo VUiT, 2002. 400 s
Vitruk N.V. Obshchaya teoriya yuridicheskoy otvetstvennosti: monografiya. M.: RAP, 2008. 324 s.
Rogacheva O.S. Administrativnaya otvetstvennost': uchebnoe posobie. Voronezh: Izd-vo Voronezh.gos. un-ta, 2005. 192 s.
Zyryanov S.M. Tendentsii raz
Zalesny Y., Goncharov V.V., Akul'shina K.G., Moroz E.F., Skladchikov S.V..
Promising directions in domestic policy of Krasnodar Krai in the area of science and higher education as a factor for increasing its competitiveness
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2020. – № 4.
– P. 94-101.
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Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis of promising directions in domestic policy of Krasnodar Krai in the area of science and higher education. The authors substantiate the need for optimization of state policy of Krasnodar Krai in the area of science and higher education as the key condition for increasing its competitiveness both, in the Russian Federation and on the international level. An original definition is given to the regional state policy in the Russian Federation as a complex, cumulative activity of the system of regional government branches on development and implementation of goals on ensuring gradual development of society and the region overall, as well as of separate spheres of their organization and functionality. The authors believe that in the context of formation and implementation of domestic policy of Krasnodar Krai in the area of science and higher education (in order to increase competitiveness of the region), attention should be pain to the development of the following aspects: unification of legal and methodological support of the activity of scientific and higher education institutions; adoption of the Law of Krasnodar Krai “On Venture Capital Investments in the Sphere of Education and Science in Krasnodar Krai”; creation of the promising scientific-educational cluster in form of Kuban Federal University; stimulation of creation of the branches of international and national scientific-educational centers; modernization of the system of regional scientific-educational government grants; implementation of the model of centralized assignment system for the graduates of higher education institutions.
Keywords: promotion, condition, higher education, science, Krasnodar territory, internal policy, promising areas, competitiveness, Russian Federation, optimization
Konstitutsiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii: prinyata na vsenarodnom referendume 12.12.1993. – M.: Rossiyskaya gazeta, 2020. – 43 s.
Ob obshchikh printsipakh organizatsii zakonodatel'nykh (predstavitel'nykh) i ispolnitel'nykh organov gosudarstvennoy vlasti sub'ektov Rossiyskoy Federatsii: Federal'nyy zakon ot 06.10.1999 № 184-FZ // Spravochno-informatsionnaya sistema «Garant» (data obrashcheniya: 12.12.2020).
O nauke i gosudarstvennoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy politike: Federal'nyy zakon ot 23.08.1996 № 127-FZ // Spravochno-informatsionnaya sistema «Garant» (data obrashcheniya: 12.12.2020).
Ob obrazovanii v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: Federal'nyy zakon ot 29.12.2012 № 273-FZ // Spravochno-informatsionnaya sistema «Garant» (data obrashcheniya: 12.12.2020).
Ob obrazovanii v Krasnodarskom krae: Zakon Krasnodarskogo kraya ot 16.07.2013 № 2770-KZ // Spravochno-informatsionnaya sistema «Garant» (data obrashcheniya: 12.12.2020).
O nauke (nauchnoy deyatel'nosti) i nauchno-tekhnicheskoy politike Krasnodarskogo kraya: Zakon Krasnodarskogo kraya ot 30.07.1997 № 97-KZ // Spravo
Vostrikov K.V., Zalesny Y., Pavlov I.S., Skladchikov S.V., Oblogin D.D., Goncharov V.V..
Joint-stock companies as an object of public control in the Russian Federation
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2020. – № 4.
– P. 102-111.
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Abstract: This article is dedicated to the study of possibility of attribution of the joint-stock companies to the objects of public control in the Russian Federation. The authors believe that the institution of public control manifests as the key legal guarantee for the implementation, protection and defense of the constitutional principles of democracy and public participation in administration of state affairs. However, the implementation of this civil society institution is accompanied by numerous problems, one of which is the definition of the concept and the list of objects of public control. In this regard, the authors explore various approaches towards the question of attribution of joint-stock companies to objects of public control. The article formulates and substantiates the original definition of the concept of “public authorities”, which imply not only authority of the state and local self-governance, but also as the combination of such rights of separate subjects of law, the realization of which directly affects the mechanism of implementation, observation, protection and defense of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of a wide range of citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens, stateless persons, legal entities, as well as public authority bodies, including local self-governance. Therefore, it appears that joint-stock companies should be classified as a variety of the objects of public control. However, the possibility of organization and implementation of public control over their activity requires introducing certain amendments to the current legislation.
Keywords: people's power, constitution, people's control, public powers, Russian Federation, public control, joint-stock companies, corporate organizations, commercial, natural monopolies
Konstitutsiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii (prinyata na vsenarodnom referendume 12.12.1993). – M.: Izvestiya, 2020.-43 s.
Ob Obshchestvennoy palate Rossiyskoy Federatsii: Federal'nyy zakon ot 04.04.2005 № 32-FZ // Spravochno-informatsionnaya sistema «Garant» (data obrashcheniya: 15.12.2020).
Ob osnovakh obshchestvennogo kontrolya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: Federal'nyy zakon ot 21.07.2014 № 212-FZ // SZ RF.-28.07.2014.-№ 30 (chast' 1).-St. 4213.
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O estestvennykh monopoliyakh: Federal'nyy zakon ot 17.08.1995 № 147-FZ // SZ RF.-21.08.1995.-№ 34.-St. 3426.
O gradoobrazuyushchikh predpriyatiyakh: Zakon Tverskoy oblasti ot 29.12.1999 № 83-OZ-2 (utratil silu). [Elektronnyy resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/936001484 (data obrashcheniya: 16.12.2020).
Aleshchenko K.I. Obshchestvennyy kontrol' v Rossii. Monografiya.-Sankt-Peterburg: Vremya, 2020.-180 s.
Aleshchenko K.I. Narodnyy kontrol' vlasti. Monografiya.-M.: «L.Kim», 2020.-216 s.
Public danger as a sign of administrative offences
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2019. – № 6.
– P. 30-36.
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Abstract: The subject of this research is the earlier and currently active norms of administrative legislation regulating the concept of legal offense as well as scientific literature devoted to this topic and statistical data on administrative offenses from the Russian case law. The author analyzes the essence of the signs of administrative offenses. The importance of this topic is substantiated the fact that the concept of legal offense is one of the main categories of the administrative law of the Russian Federation. Analysis is conducted on the various approaches of scholars in administrative law towards definition of this concept. The novelty of this research is defined by the importance of clear definition of the concept of administrative offense due to introduction of the New Code on Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation into public discourse. Considering the sign of public danger of an administrative offense, the author proposes formulating Article 2.1 of the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses in the following way: “Administrative offense is a committed punishable action or inaction of a private or legal entity, posing public danger, and carries administrative liability established by this Code or a law of a subject of the Russian Federation”.
Keywords: harm, public danger, crime, administrative offense, the concept of an offense, administrative legislation, signs of an administrative offense, bill, administrative responsibility, tort
Kontseptsiya novogo Kodeksa ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh RF.//http://static.government.ru/media/files/KVhRVrFpSydJQShBIwlAY7khO7NAt9EL.pdf / [Elektronnyy resurs: data obrashcheniya 24.03.2020].
Proekt "Kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh" (podgotovlen Minyustom Rossii, ID proekta 02/04/01-20/00099059) (ne vnesen v GD FS RF, tekst po sostoyaniyu na 30.01.2020. Konsul'tat plyus). [Elektronnyy resurs: data obrashcheniya 24.03.2020].
Pamyatniki rossiyskogo prava. V 35 t. T.34. Kodeks RSFSR ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh: uchebno-nauchnoe posobie /pod obshch. Red. dokt. yurid. nauk, prof. R.L. Khachaturova. M., 2017. S. 118-128.
Vasil'ev E.A. Administrativnoe pravonarushenie i prestuplenie: obshchie cherty i razlichiya. M., 2007. S.14.
Kozlov Yu. M. Administrativnoe pravo: uchebnik / Yu. M. Kozlov-M.: Yurist', 1999.-S. 87.
Popov L. L. Administrativnoe pravo: uchebnik / Yu. M. Kozlov, D. M. Ovsyanko, L. L. Popov.-pod red. Popova L. L.-2-e izd., pererab. i dop.-M.: Yurist', 2005.-S. 153.
Current Issues of Legal Regulation of the Use of Particular Kinds of Electric Transport
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2019. – № 5.
– P. 27-33.
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Abstract: The subject of the research is the legal provisions and scientific information sources that regulate the use of blisks, Segways, and self-balancing scooters. The object of the research is the legal relations, phenomena and processes that arise in the process of using electronic transport by road users. As a result of analysis of legal acts and scientific literature, the author carries out a complex analysis of theoretical and legal aspects of the regulation of road traffic related to the use of particular kinds of electronic transport. Kalyuzhniy also outlines particular issues of the legal regulation of aforesaid sphere and offers a set of measures aimed at improvement of legal acts that regulate legal relations arising in the process of using blisks, Segways, self-balancing sectors and the like. The methodological basis of the research includes a set of general and specific research methods (formal law, analytical analysis and systems approach, analysis, synthesis, modelling, comparison, etc.). As a result, the author concludes that the development of technical means of transport and their active use, ambivalence of practical implementation of legal provisions regulating the procedure and conditions of road traffic demonstrate the need to clarify and detalize legal acts that regulate the use of blisks, Segways and self-balancing scooters. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author carries out a complex analysis of theoretical and legal aspects that describe the process of using blisks, Segways, self-balancing scooters and the like, outlines controversial issues of the legal regulation and describes the main areas for improving the legal regulation of using electronic transport.
Keywords: Segway, legal relation, blisks, legislative regulation, State traffic inspectorate, self-balancing scooter, security provision, road safety, traffic, social relation
Zyryanov S.M., Kuznetsov V.I. Transportnaya bezopasnost' i sistema sub'ektov ee obespecheniya // Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava. 2012. №
S.5-12. 2. Kalyuzhnyy Yu.N. Osnovnye zakonodatel'nye initsiativy, svyazannye s fiksatsiey administrativnykh pravonarusheniy v oblasti dorozhnogo dvizheniya tekhnicheskimi sredstvami // Rossiyskaya yustitsiya. 2019. № 4. S. 67-70.
GIBDD ne budet otnosit' segvei i elektrosamokaty k otdel'noy kategorii TS [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/3931321
V Gosdume predlozhili registrirovat' giroskutery i sigvei [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://rg.ru/2018/08/15/v-gosdume-predlozhili-napisat-pdd-dlia-giroskuterov-i-sigveev.html
TsODD predlozhil priravnyat' segvei i samokaty k vidam transporta [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://iz.ru/896555/2019-07-05/tcodd-predlozhil-priravniat-sigvei-i-samokaty-k-vidam-transporta
General Chernikov: Chto grozit voditelyu za sbitogo podrostka na segvee ili samokate [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://www.avtovzglyad.ru/gai/pdd/2018-09-06-general-chernik
Peculiarities and Problems of the Administrative Status of Pedestrians at the Modern Stage of Road Traffic Safety
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2018. – № 3.
– P. 15-20.
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Abstract: The subject of the research is the system of legal relations in the field of road safety. The object of the research is the public relations arising between road users in the process of driving on roads, namely, the determination of the administrative and legal status of pedestrians who use electric scooters, gyroscooters, monowheels, segways for road traffic. The purpose of the work was to review the regulatory legal framework governing the field of road safety in terms of the definition of the concepts: pedestrian, vehicle and driver. The author examines the problems of the regulatory legal consolidation of the concept of a pedestrian vehicle and the determination of other features of the administrative and legal status of pedestrians using electric scooters, gyroscooters, monowheels and segway for movement. The author pays special attention to the contradiction between the existing standards in the field of road safety. The methodological basis of the work was: dialectical, historical, structurally systemic, comparative legal, statistical, formal logical and other methods widely used in legal science. The novelty of the work is determined by the need to improve public relations in the field of road safety. The author reveals the content and distinctive features of the administrative and legal status of individual road users. There is an author's definition of such categories as “pedestrian vehicle” and “driver of a pedestrian vehicle”. Ways to fill the legal gap in this matter are proposed. Scope of the results: the provisions of the work can be used in legislative activities of state bodies, law enforcement activities of law enforcement agencies, the educational process of educational organizations, scientific research of specialists in road safety issues, improvement of the branches of the Russian legal system.
Keywords: electric scooter, social relation, traffic accident, traffic regulations, road safety, means of transport, pedestrian, self-balancing scooter, blisks, segway
Statistika GIBDD za 2017 god [Elektronnyy resurs] URL: http: //www.gibdd.ru/news/672 (data obrashcheniya: 15 maya 2018 g.).
Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 23.10.1993 № 1090 (red. ot 27.08.2018) «O Pravilakh dorozhnogo dvizheniya» (vmeste s «Osnovnymi polozheniyami po dopusku transportnykh sredstv k ekspluatatsii i obyazannosti dolzhnostnykh lits po obespecheniyu bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya») // Konsul'tant Plyus: [Elektronnyy resurs]. http://www.consultant.ru.
Rossiyskaya gazeta-Federal'nyy vypusk №7662 (199) ot 7 sentyabrya 2018 g. [Elektronnyy resurs] URL: http: //www. rg.ru. (data obrashcheniya: 7 sentyabrya 2018 g.).
FZ «O bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya» ot 10.12.1995 № 196-FZ // Konsul'tant Plyus: [Elektronnyy resurs]. http://www.consultant.ru.
Amelichkin A.V. Administrativno-pravovye osnovy zashchity prav i zakonnykh interesov uchastnikov dorozhnogo dvizheniya: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Moskva, 2013. S. 59
Baryshnikov M.V. Administrativno-pravovoy status uchastnika dorozhnogo dvizheniya: Avtoref. diss. kand. yurid. nauk. M.
Aristov E.V., Fakhrutdinova G.G..
Improving the Legal Regulation of Administrative Responsibility of Minors
// NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice. – 2018. – № 2.
– P. 25-30.
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Abstract: The subject of the research is the theoretical and practical aspects of the implementation of the institution of administrative responsibility of minors. The object of the research is the system of social relations that is formed in the process of implementation of administrative and jurisdictional activities of authorized bodies in relation to minors. The author examines such aspects of the topic as legal regulation of the administrative responsibility of minors in law enforcement practice, discusses the features of administrative and jurisdictional activities of prevention subjects in the mechanism for preventing and combating juvenile delinquency, establishing the causes and conditions for their commission by adolescents on the basis of which proposals are being developed to improve legislation on administrative offenses concerning minors as the special subjects. Special attention is paid to the improvement of administrative legislation aimed at the effective prevention of juvenile delinquency. The methodological basis is the system of legal knowledge that defines the basic requirements for the process of knowledge. The researchers also use special research methods (observation, analysis of statistical and practical material). The main conclusions of the research are the consolidation of a separate chapter aimed at regulating administrative, i.e. jurisdictional relations with the participation of minors in the Administrative Offenses Code of the Russian Federation. In order to prevent juvenile delinquency, the author considers it appropriate to reduce the age of administrative responsibility of minors, which in turn will be educational in nature. In addition, the author notes the inadequacy of preventive measures by the subjects of prevention, which are mostly formal in nature and are not aimed at reducing the level of offenses committed by adolescents.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, crimes and offenses, legal representatives, parents, prevention subjects, administrative offense, individual prevention, general prevention, adolescents, punishment
Prudnikov B.P., Rybalkina O.P. Profilaktika besprizornosti, beznadzornosti i narkomanii sredi nesovershennoletnikh. M.: Norma. 2015. S. 25.
Kodeks ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 30.12.2001 g. № 198-FZ (v red. ot 27.06.2018) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2002. № 1.
Khor'kov V.N., Golovanov A.A. Perspektivy uchrezhdeniya spetsializirovannykh sudov v Rossiyskoy Federatsii // Gosudarstvo i pravo: teoriya i praktika. Kaliningrad. 2015. S. 25-27.