Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2065,   Articles in work: 293 Declined articles: 786 
Library

Back to contents

Sociodynamics
Reference:

Entrepreneurship and the phenomenon of risk: organizational and sociocultural peculiarities of the definition of risk in economic space
Tolkachev Petr

Postgraduate student, the department of Social Philosophy, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1

peter.tolkachev@gmail.com

 

 

Abstract.

This article attempts to present a philosophical criticism of the phenomenon of risk in entrepreneurship, considering two historically established approaches: economic-management (risk management) or organizational-analytical, and sociocultural (risk as a structure of public expectation). The subject of this research is the concept of “risk” related to the categories of uncertainty, danger, probability and possibility. The general perspective of philosophical understanding of this phenomenon is presented. The object of this research is the sphere of entrepreneurship, mostly independent, private entrepreneurship, which over the past two decades marks rapid growth of investments. The author explores the following aspects: 1) economic structure of the spontaneously generated order; 2) organizational importance of risk management; 3) structure of public expectation of risk as uncertainty or danger, associated with entrepreneurship; 4) description of positive and negative implication of the concept of risk. Comprehensive articulation of the phenomenon of risk in modern society is realized through philosophical generalization of economic importance of the spontaneously generated order (Friedrich Hayek), which contributes to proliferation of entrepreneurship, and allows revealing positive trend in acceptance of risk in modern society via sociological analysis. The scientific novelty consists in determining that the various classifications of the objects of risk in the context of economic-management (organizational) approach are based on the classical definition of market and market relations; this results in the positive meaning of competition and constantly growing employment index in business sector. Having analyzed multiple approaches toward risk situations and phenomenon of uncertainty, the author presents an original approach towards classification of the types of societies depending on acceptance/non-acceptance of the phenomenon of risk.

Keywords: ompetition, Innovative Society, Management, Order, Socio-cultural characteristics, Economic space, Entrepreneurship, Risk, Market relations, Social philosophy

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7144.2019.8.30370

Article was received:

24-07-2019


Review date:

24-07-2019


Publish date:

30-07-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Abramova E. N. i dr. Kommentarii k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossiiskoi Federatsii. Chast' pervaya: uchebno-prakticheskii kommentarii (postateinyi)/Pod red. A. P Sergeeva //M.:Prospekt. 2010. S. 30.
2.
Abchuk V.A. Riski v biznese, menedzhmente i marketinge. SPb.: Izd-vo Mikhailova. 2002. 480 s.
3.
Avdiiskii V. I., Kuz'min E. A. Kriterial'nye usloviya proyavleniya ustoichivosti v ekonomike: indikativnyi parametr neopredelennosti //Problemy analiza riska. 2013. T. 10. . 6. S. 10-22.
4.
Bek U. Obshchestvo riska. Na puti k drugomu modernu. Monografiya. Progress-traditsiya, 2000. 383 c.
5.
Bek U. Ot industrial'nogo obshchestva k obshchestvu riska //Theory, Culture and Society. 1992. T. 9. . 1. S. 97-123.
6.
Vechkanov G.S., Vechkanova G.R. Mikroekonomika: Uchebnik dlya vuzov. SPb.: Piter. 2012 464 s.
7.
Glinskii V.V., Serga L.K. O gosudarstvennom regulirovanii malogo predprinimatel'stva v Rossii // Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost'. 2011. 19. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/o-gosudarstvennom-regulirovanii-malogo-predprinimatelstva-v-rossii (data obrashcheniya: 09.07.2019).
8.
Golubeva O. N. Risk kak ekonomicheskaya kategoriya //Vestnik SPbGU. Ser. 1993. T. 5. S. 130-135.
9.
Grisyuk S. V. Riskologiya: na puti k obshchei teorii //Uchen. zap. Akad. ekonomiki i prava. 2009. . 2. S. 8493.
10.
Diev V. S. Risk i neopredelennost' v filosofii, nauke, upravlenii //Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filosofiya. Sotsiologiya. Politologiya. 2011. . 2 (14). S. 7989.
11.
Zhivetin V. Riski i bezopasnost' ekonomicheskikh sistem: matematicheskoe modelirovanie. LLC IPC Bon Anza, 2008, 440 s.
12.
Kachalov R. M. Upravlenie khozyaistvennym riskom. 2002, 192 s.
13.
Lapusta M. G., Sharshukova L. G. Riski v predprinimatel'skoi deyatel'nosti //M.: Infra-m. 1998, 224 s.
14.
Luman N. Ponyatie riska //THESIS: teoriya i istoriya ekonomicheskikh i sotsial'nykh institutov i sistem. 1994. . 5. S. 135-160.
15.
Magaziner Ya. M. Ob''ekt prava //Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Pravovedenie. 2000. . 6. S. 202-213.
16.
Mal'ko A. V., Shundikov K. V. Tseli i sredstva v prave i pravovoi politike. Izd-vo GOU VPO Saratov. gos. akad. Prava, 2003. 296 c.
17.
Marchenko M. N. Obshchaya teoriya gosudarstva i prava. Akademicheskii kurs. Tom 2. //M.: Zertsalo. 2001. 328 c.
18.
Meier D. I. Pravo sobstvennosti po russkomu pravu. Directmedia, 2013. 142 c.
19.
Oigenzikht V. A. Volya i risk //Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Pravovedenie. 1984. . 4. S. 40-46.
20.
Oleinik O. M. Formirovanie kriteriev kvalifikatsii predprinimatel'skoi deyatel'nosti v sudebnoi praktike //Predprinimatel'skoe pravo. 2013. . 1. C. 2-16.
21.
Rosstat [Elektronnyi resurs] http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/accounts/#
22.
Rudashevskii V. D. Risk, konflikt i neopredelennost' v protsesse prinyatiya reshenii i ikh modelirovanie //Voprosy psikhologii. 1974. 2. S. 8489.
23.
Ruchkina G. F. i dr. Rossiiskoe predprinimatel'skoe pravo. 2009. 624 c.
24.
Samuel'son P. E., Nordkhaus V. D. Ekonomika, 18-e izdanie. //M. 2007. 1360 s.
25.
Sapun V. A. Teoriya pravovykh sredstv i mekhanizm realizatsii prava. 2002. 321 c.
26.
Sobchak A. A. Pravovoe regulirovanie khozyaistvennoi deyatel'nosti: uchebnoe posobie. Izd-vo LGU, 1981.
27.
Sukhanov E.A. Protsedura bankrotstva-vazhnyi element ekonomiko-pravovykh otnoshenii // Zhurn. ros. prava. 2009. N 8. S.143-146.
28.
Ushakov D. N. Bol'shoi tolkovyi slovar' sovremennogo russkogo yazyka. M.: Al'ta-print, 2005.
29.
Khaiek F. Doroga k rabstvu. Litres, 2018. 310 c.
30.
Babrow A.S., Kasch C.R., Ford L.A. The many meanings of uncertainty in illness: toward a systematic accounting // Health Commun. 1998 10 (1). R. 123.
31.
Baron R. A. The cognitive perspective: a valuable tool for answering entrepreneurship's basic why questions //Journal of business venturing. 2004. . 2. P. 221-239.
32.
Berger C. R., Bradac J. J. Language and social knowledge: Uncertainty in interpersonal relations. Hodder Education, 1982. 160 r.
33.
Berger C. R., Calabrese R. J. Some explorations in initial interaction and beyond: Toward a developmental theory of interpersonal communication //Human communication research. 1974. . 2. P. 99-112.
34.
Bernstein P. L., Bernstein P. L. Against the gods: The remarkable story of risk. New York : Wiley, 1996. P. 1269-1275.
35.
Choi Y. B. Paradigms and conventions: Uncertainty, decision making, and entrepreneurship. University of Michigan Press, 1993. 184 r.
36.
Das T. K., Teng B. S. Time and entrepreneurial risk behavior //Entrepreneurship theory and practice. 1998. . 2. P. 69-88.
37.
Dickson P. R., Giglierano J. J. Missing the boat and sinking the boat: A conceptual model of entrepreneurial risk //Journal of marketing. 1986. . 3. P. 58-70.
38.
Dictionary O. E. Oxford English dictionary //Simpson, JA & Weiner, ESC. 1989.
39.
Douglas R. Barnes. From communication to curriculum. Boynton/Cook, 1992. 210 p.
40.
Gil-Aluja J. Management problems in uncertainty //Handbook of Management under Uncertainty. Springer, Boston, MA, 2001. P. 11-32.
41.
Grote G. Management of uncertainty: Theory and application in the design of systems and organizations. Springer Science & Business Media, 2009. 202 p.
42.
Hilgartner S. The social construction of risk objects: Or, how to pry open networks of risk //Organizations, uncertainties, and risk. 1992. P. 39-53.
43.
Hirshleifer J., Riley J. G. The analytics of uncertainty and information. Cambridge University Press, 1992. 465 p.
44.
Holloway C. A. Decision making under uncertainty: models and choices. Prentice Hall, 1979. 522 p.
45.
Holly S., Hallet A. H. Optimal control, expectations and uncertainty. Cambridge University Press, 1989. 244 p.
46.
Kahneman D., Lovallo D. Timid choices and bold forecasts: A cognitive perspective on risk taking //Management science. 1993. . 1. P. 17-31.
47.
Kramer M. W. Managing uncertainty in organizational communication. Routledge, 2014. 152 p.
48.
Luhmann N. Risk: a sociological theory. Routledge, 2017. 236 p.
49.
Moskowitz T. J., Vissing-Jørgensen A. The returns to entrepreneurial investment: A private equity premium puzzle? //American Economic Review. 2002. . 4. P. 745-778.
50.
Palich L. E., Bagby D. R. Using cognitive theory to explain entrepreneurial risk-taking: Challenging conventional wisdom //Journal of business venturing. 1995. . 6. P. 425-438.
51.
Parsons S., Parsons G. Qualitative methods for reasoning under uncertainty. Mit Press, 2001. 510 p.
52.
Shaver K. G., Scott L. R. Person, process, choice //Entrepreneurship: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management. 2002. . 2. P. 334.
53.
Thompson E. P. Time, work-discipline, and industrial capitalism //Past & present. 1967. P. 56-97.
54.
Thompson J. D. Organizations in action: Social science bases of administrative theory. Routledge, 2017. 192 p.
55.
Tversky A., Kahneman D. Belief in the law of small numbers //Psychological bulletin. 1971. . 2. P. 105.
56.
Tversky A., Kahneman D. Loss aversion in riskless choice: A reference-dependent model //The quarterly journal of economics. 1991. . 4. P. 1039-1061.
57.
Vlek C., Stallen P. J. Rational and personal aspects of risk //Acta psychologica. 1980. . 1-3. P. 273-300.
58.
Wang X. T. Framing effects: Dynamics and task domains //Organizational behavior and human decision processes. 1996. . 2. P. 145-157.
59.
Zinn J. O., Taylor-Gooby P. (ed.). Risk in social science. Oxford University Press, 2006.