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Count S. Y. Witte Against the Idea of Soviets: the Public Dispute Concerning the Brochure “The Outcome of the Russian Revolution of 1905 and the Nosar Government” by A. Morsky (V. I. Stein)
Strekalov Il'ya Nikolaevich

PhD Candidate, Section of Russian History of the 19th - Early 20th Centuries, History Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University

119234, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Lomonosovskii Prospekt, 27, k. 4, aud. E-425

strek93@mail.ru

Abstract.

The article's research subject is the discussion between representatives of government circles (S. Y. Witte) and the revolutionary movement (G. S. Khrustalev-Nosar, S. Golub, F. F. Raskolnikov, V. M. Chernov) on the question of the significance of the Saint Petersburg Soviet of Workers' Delegates in 1905, linked to the publication in 1911 of the book by A. Morsky (V. I. Stein), the literary agent of S. Y. Witte, about the revolutionary events of 1905.
The research object is the memoir writings of S. Y. Witte, the works of literary agents S. Y. Witte and A. Morsky (V. I. Stein), and the articles of the named representatives of the revolutionary movement. 
The author examines in detail such aspects of the topic as the purpose of the Saint Petersburg Soviet of Workers' Delegates, its activities and the reasons for its defeat. The research methods applied to this study are the analysis of the assessment of the revolutionary situation in 1905 and the meaning of the St. Petersburg Soviet of Workers' Delegates, as well as a comparison of the identified assessments, a consideration of the similarities and differences in them, and a generalization of the author's comparison. The study's main conclusions are the author's assertion of the ambiguities in the assessment of the events of 1905 and the role of the St. Petersburg Soviet of Workers' Delegates, and the presence of significant differences in the approaches to understanding the purpose of the St. Petersburg Soviet.
The author's main contribution to the study of the examined topic is the revelation of the public discussion on the brochure of the literary agent of S. Y. Witte, A. Morsky (V. I. Stein), on the question of the St. Petersburg Council of Workers' Delegates in 1905.
The novelty of the presented research lies in the fact that it demonstrates the controversy that took place concerning the question of the purpose of the idea of Soviets in 1905 in the public sphere in connection with the brochure of A. Morsky.

Keywords: Soviets, government, working class, revolutionary movement, samoderzhavie, The Soviet of Worker's Deputies, The First Russian Revolution, revolution, The Russian-Japanese War, people's mind

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0609.2019.1.28219

Article was received:

05-12-2018


Review date:

06-12-2018


Publish date:

04-02-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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