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The role of African Union in ensuring humanitarian security in the Sub-Saharan Africa
Gromoglasova Elizaveta Sergeevna

PhD in Politics

Leading Research Fellow at Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences

117997, Russia, Moscow, ul. Profsoyuznaya, 23





The subject of this research is the role of African Union in humanitarian sphere and its relevant contribution into ensuring humanitarian security in the region of Tropical Africa. The goal of this work is the versatile assessment of genesis of the humanitarian security concept, the existing legal and institutional frame of African Union, as well as the operating capabilities on responding to various threats to humanitarian security emerging in the Sub-Saharan Africa. Using the comparative-historical method, the author analyze the emergence and development of the humanitarian security concept at the UN level and Organization of African Unity / African Union respectively. The typological method helps to consider the main groups of threats to humanitarian security. The article also applies the comparative method. The policy of responding of the African Union to the current complex humanitarian crises is being examined. The scientific novelty consists in the following results: 1) the potential of African Union in the area of ensuring humanitarian security in Africa depends is developed unevenly; at the same time, the most influential are the developed by African Union legal mechanisms of protecting the personal and social rights; 2) the efficiency of policy of the European Union aimed at maintaining the humanitarian security depends on multiple factors, primarily the financial capacity of the Union, level of coordination of its action with other international organizations; nature of the crisis. The main conclusion consists in the thesis that despite the objective difficulties, African Union plays a key role in ensuring humanitarian security in the Sub-Saharan Africa.

Keywords: Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Campala Convention, forced migration, complex emergency, humanitarian security, African Union, Central African Republic, Somalia, food security



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