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The problem of exercising rights of disabled individuals to better living amenities while incarcerated
Zaborovskaia Yuliya

Educator, the department of State Legal Disciplines, Kuzbass Institute Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia

654000, Russia, Novokuznetsk oblast', g. Novokuznetsk, prospekt Oktyabr'skii, 49, of. 102

dum333@bk.ru
Abstract. This article is dedicated to the analysis of exercising rights of the incarcerated disabled people to accessible environment and improvement of living amenities in detention facilities. Prior to the ratification by the Russian Federation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the correctional facilities were not properly equipped for the disabled people, nor there were instructions on the need for providing the technological infrastructure and accessibility of the objects of the penal system. After the ratification of the aforementioned convention, has been adopted a federal program “Accessible Environment” about the rights of the persons with disabilities within the correctional facilities, considering their needs. Based on the analysis of the Russian legislation, legal precedent of the European Court on Human Rights, foreign experience of organizing incarceration for punishment, the author underlines the existence of gap in definition of the “improvement of living amenities” within the Penal Code of the Russian Federation, and suggests to amend the corresponding penal legislation: in engineering and reconstruction of the buildings, constructs, and other complexes to ensure the requirements in observance of rights of the incarcerated disabled people to accessibility of the facilities and objects; train the penal system personnel in working with the incarcerated disabled people; create the specialized penitentiaries for the disabled people in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: improved living amenities , work of convicts, imprisonment, accessible environment , rehabilitation, incarcerated disabled people, serious illness, correctional facility, convention, ratification
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0684.2018.1.25226
Article was received: 17-01-2018

Review date: 18-01-2018

Publish date: 12-02-2018

This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here.

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