Aging Through the Prism of Social, Psychological and Biological Changes
Abstract.This article is devoted to the problem of operationalization of aging. In connection with the improvement of the conditions of life of an individual, respectively, with increasing life expectancy, it is necessary to reconsider the understanding of the process of human aging. The necessity of formulating a new and precise definition, appropriate to modern realities. Existing definitions on this phenomenon emphasize certain of its aspects (biological, social and psychological) or consider it as a sum of three components. The article presents the main characteristics of each component. Despite the fact that the biological signs of aging begin to appear in the period of middle adulthood, they become most pronounced in late adulthood. Therefore, social and psychological aging mainly associated with this period. The methodological basis was the theory of E. H. Erikson: personality in its development goes through certain stages in connection with the influence of the tasks set before her by society. We support the idea that the operationalization of aging of the individual is necessary to consider three elements (biological, social and psychological). However, we have come to the conclusion that society plays a decisive and crucial in the biological component of aging and patterns of human behavior to changes occurring in its body, and in the social sphere.
Keywords: attitude towards elderly, social aging, late adulthood, longevity, signs of biological aging, biological aging, human aging, psychological aging, adaptation to aging, the problem of understanding aging
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