Administrative and municipal lawReference:
The role of local governments of Japan in ensuring the rights of the Ainu people
Abstract.The research subject is the provision of rights of indigenous people by local governments in Japan. The author analyzes the legal mechanism of ensuring the rights of the Ainu people. The article considers such aspects of the problem as the formalization of the legal status of the Ainu people, the peculiarities of local governments in Japan, their functions and competences. The author gives attention to the interaction between social organizations and local governments in the sphere of ensuring the rights of the Ainu people. The author studies the peculiarities of provision of their rights in different regions of Japan. To acquire reliable scientific results, the author uses the set of general scientific methods (system-structural, formal-logical and hermeneutic) and specific legal methods (historical-legal, comparative-legal and formal-legal). Local governments play the key role in ensuring the rights of the people of Ainu in Japan. In the result of the local government reform and decentralization of the authority, local governments in Japan have a wide scope of competence in local issues, including almost all spheres of life of individuals and communities. Therefore, local governments are directly in charge of ensuring the rights of the Ainu people in the spheres of education, culture, social security and employment. Therefore, the legal mechanism of ensuring the rights of the Ainu in Japan is decentralized and local. Local governments implement local initiatives of social organizations of the Ainu taking into account social situation in the regions.
Keywords: sovereignty, territory, discrimination, human rights, indigenous people, local government, social organization, Japan, Ainu, competence
Article was received:28-08-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .
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