Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1918,   Articles in work: 297 Declined articles: 745 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

International transfer of technology in the sphere of sustainable forest management: international legal principles (the work is supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project No 17-03-00400)
Shugurov Mark Vladimirovich

Doctor of Philosophy

Professor at the Department of International law of Saratov State Law Academy

410056, Russia, g. Saratov, ul. Vol'skaya, 1, of. 621

shugurovs@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The research subject is the set of international legal obligations in the sphere of international cooperation in transfer of technologies for sustainable forest management in the context of realization of the sustainable development strategy. The author considers the general system problems of sustainable forest management and the problems faced by developing countries, particularly – the need to form and develop technological potential, which helps harmonize economic, ecological and social dimensions of development. Special attention is given to the development of international politics in the sphere of transfer of eco-friendly technologies in forest management. It is based on international legal obligations contained in international program strategical sources and agreements. The author proves that intersectoral nature of international forest policy is its peculiarity. It determines the peculiarities of international transfer of the related technologies. The research methodology is based on the system approach, which helps reconstruct the diverse set of international legal principles of international transfer of forest technologies. These principles solve the problems of transition to sustainable use of forests. Besides, the author uses the principle of historicism, which helps study the evolution of policy of international transfer of technology in the forest sector. The author uses the comparative method to analyze the specificity the international regime of transfer of forest technologies compared to the international transfer of technology in other sectors included in the sustainable development agenda. The scientific novelty of the work consists in the analysis of international legal principles of international politics in transfer of forest technologies. The author’s special contribution is the conclusion about the need to focus on the issues of scientific research and development and transfer within the International Arrangement on Forests and especially the UN Forum on Forests. The author emphasizes the importance of convergence of new technologies, on the one hand, and the traditional knowledge of indigenous people, on the other. 

Keywords: scientific and technological cooperation, eco-friendly technologies , climate change, developing countries, sustainable development, forest management, capacity building, logging, biotechnology, Forum on forests

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8809.2017.3.23719

Article was received:

27-07-2017


Review date:

30-07-2017


Publish date:

20-10-2017


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Kuz'minov I.F. Model'nye lesa: istoriya razvitiya i tematika proektov // Ustoichivoe lesopol'zovanie. M.: Vsemirnyi fond dikoi prirody, 2009. S. 17 – 20.
2.
Rezolyutsiya EKOSOS 2000/35 ot 18 oktyabrya 2000 «Doklad Mezhpravi-tel'stvennogo foruma po lesam o rabote ego chetvertoi sessii // http://www.un.org/esa/forests/pdf/2000_35_E.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 23.06.2017).
3.
Adzinba K.G. Evolyutsiya mezhdunarodno-pravovoi deyatel'nosti i ponya-tiinogo apparata v oblasti ustoichivogo razvitiya // Administrativnoe i muni-tsipal'noe pravo. 2012. № 8. C. 75 – 79.
4.
Vystorbets E.A. Istochniki mezhdunarodnogo lesnogo prava // Pravovoe regulirovanie ispol'zovaniya i okhrany lesov: tezisy dokladov nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii (g. Mytishchi) / Pod obshch. red. E.L. Mininoi. M.: MGUL, 2011. S. 238 – 241.
5.
Rusetskaya G.D. Ustoichivoe razvitie i ekologicheskie problemy lesnykh sistem // Izvestiya Baikal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2015. № 3. S. 408 – 415.
6.
Zamolodchikov D.G. Les i klimat. M.: Vsemirnyi fond dikoi prirody, 2015. 40 s.
7.
Kankunskaya deklaratsiya po aktualizatsii tematiki sokhraneniya i ustoichi-vogo ispol'zovaniya bioraznoobraziya dlya blagopoluchiya lyudei 2016 g. // http://www.cbd.int/cop/cop-13/hls/cancun-declaration-final-ru-1%2011%202016.pdf. (data obrashcheniya: 23.07.2017).
8.
Reshenie XIII/7 «Bioraznoobrazie lesov: rol' mezhdunarodnykh organiza-tsii v okazanii podderzhki vypolneniyu tselevykh zadach po sokhraneniyu i ustoichi-vomu ispol'zovaniyu bioraznoobraziya, prinyatykh v Aiti», prinyatoe Konferen-tsiei Storon Konventsii o bioraznoobrazii // CBD/COP/DEC/XIII/7 ot 10 dekab-rya 2016 g. // http://69.90.183.227/doc/decisions/cop-13/cop-13-dec-07-ru.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 13.05.2017).
9.
Gordeeva E.M. Mezhdunarodnoe lesnoe pravo: byt' … ili uzhe est'? // Evraziiskii yuridicheskii zhurnal. 2015. № 3. S. 70 – 73.
10.
Climate Summit-2014. New York Declarations. Action Statements and Ac-tions Plans (23 September 2014) // http://www.activeremedy.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/un-climate-summit-2014-new-york-declaration-on-forests.pdf. (data obrashcheniya: 14.06.2017).
11.
Sostoyanie lesov mira-2016. Rim: FAO, 2016. 136 s. // http://www.fao.org/publications/sofo/2016/ru/ (data obrashcheniya: 23.05.2017).
12.
Pisarenko A.I., Strakhov V.V. Ustoichivoe razvitie i lesnoe khozyaistvo: dvadtsat' let globalizatsii // Lesnoe khozyaistvo. 2011. № 6. S. 2 – 7.
13.
Deklaratsiya tysyacheletiya OON, prinyataya rezolyutsiei 55/2 General'noi Assambleei OON ot 8 sentyabrya 2000 g. // http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/summitdecl.shtml (data ob-rashcheniya: 2.04.2017).
14.
Itogovyi dokument Vsemirnogo sammita 2005 g. // A/RES/60/1 ot 24 ok-tyabrya 2005 g. // http://www.un.org/ru/documents/ods.asp?m=A/RES/60/1 (data ob-rashcheniya: 1.04.2017).
15.
Itogovyi dokument plenarnogo zasedaniya vysokogo urovnya «Vypolne-nie obeshchaniya: Ob''edinenie vo imya dostizheniya tselei v oblasti razvitiya, sfor-mulirovannykh v Deklaratsii tysyacheletiya //A/RES/65/1 ot 19 oktyabrya 2010 g. // http://www.un.org/ru/documents/ods.asp?m=A/RES/65/1 (data obrashcheniya: 2.04.2017).
16.
Povestka dnya na XXI vek // A/CONF/151/26/Rev.1 (Vol. 1). http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/pdf/agenda21.stml (data ob-rashcheniya:14.03.2017).
17.
Programma deistvii po dal'neishemu osushchestvleniyu Povestki dnya na XXI vek // A/RES/S-19/2 (19 sentyabrya 1992 g.) // http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/S-19/2 (data obrashcheniya: 19.05.2017)
18.
Plan vypolneniya reshenii Iokhannesburgskogo sammita po ustoichivomu razvitiyu 2002 g. // Rezolyutsiya 2, prinyataya na 17-om plenarnom zasedanii 4 sen-tyabrya 2002 g. // A/CONF.199/20 // www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/CONF.199/20. (data obrashcheniya: 7.03.2017).
19.
Itogovyi dokument konferentsii OON RIO+20 «Budushchee, kotorogo my khotim» 2012 g. // A/RES/66/288 ot 27 iyulya 2012 g. // http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/rio20_outcome_document_complete.pdf. (data obrashcheniya: 24.05.2017).
20.
Preobrazovanie nashego mira: Povestka dnya v oblasti ustoichivogo raz-vitiya na period do 2030 goda // A/70/L.1 ot 18 sentyabrya 2015 g. // (data obrashche-niya: 13.03.2017).
21.
Printsipy lesovodstva. Prinyaty Konferentsiei OON po okruzhayushchei srede i razvitiyu (Rio-de-Zhainero, 14 iyunya 1992 g.) // http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/forest.shtml (data obrashche-niya: 5.05.2017).
22.
Ne imeyushchii obyazatel'noi yuridicheskoi sily dokument po vsem vidam lesov // Dok. EKOSOS E/2007/40 ot 17 oktyabrya 2007 g. // http://www.un.org/esa/forests/pdf/ERes2007_40E.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 6.05.2017).
23.
«Mezhdunarodnyi mekhanizm po lesam v period posle 2015 goda» // Dok. EKOSOS E/RES/2015/33 ot 22 iyulya 2015 g. // http://www.un.org/ga/search/viewm_doc.asp?symbol=E/RES/2015/33 (data obrashche-niya: 20.04.2017).
24.
Strategicheskii plan OON po lesam na 2017 – 2030 gg. // Dok. EKO-SOS E/2017/10 – E/CN.18/SS/2017/2 ot 20 yanvarya 2017 g. // http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=E/2017/10. (data obrashcheniya: 21.04.2017).
25.
Sobytiya na forumakh, imeyushchikh vazhnoe znachenie dlya mandata FAO // Sovet FAO // CL 156/INF/4 (156-ssesiya, Rim, 24-28 aprelya 2017 g.) // http://www.fao.org/3/a-ms621r.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 25.07.2017).
26.
Forum OON po lesam: «Osushchestvlenie Strategicheskogo plana OON po lesam na 2017 – 2030 gg. Zapiska Sekretariata // E/CN.18/2017/2 ot 20 fevralya 2017 g. // http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=E/CN.18/2017/2 (data ob-rashcheniya: 20.06.2017)
27.
Dary lesa mogut vnesti vazhnyi vklad v ukreplenie prodovol'stvennoi bezopasnosti v mire // https://www.un.org/development/desa/ru/news/forest/report-unff11-session.html (data obrashcheniya: 17.07.2017).
28.
Strategicheskii plan v oblasti sokhraneniya i ustoichivogo ispol'zova-niya bioraznoobraziya na 2011 – 2020 gg., a takzhe tselevye zadachi po sokhraneniyu i ustoichivomu ispol'zovaniyu bioraznoobraziya, prinyatyi v Aiti. Prilozhenie k dokumentu Kh/2 // UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/X/2 ot 20 oktyabrya 2010 g. // https://www.cbd.int/doc/decisions/cop-10/cop-10-dec-02-ru.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 18.07.2017).
29.
Forum OON po lesam: «Sredstva osushchestvleniya printsipa neistoshchi-tel'nogo lesopol'zovaniya». Zapiska Sekretariata // E/CN.18/2017/4 ot 17 fevralya 2017 g. // http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=E/CN.18/2017/4 (data obrashcheniya: 19.07.2017).
30.
Pisarenko A.I., Rol' Rossiiskoi Federatsii v mezhdunarodnykh perego-vornykh protsessakh po lesam // Ustoichivoe lesopol'zovanie. 2007. № 3. S. 28 – 33.
31.
«Lesa i sokhranenie biologicheskogo raznoobraziya, vklyuchaya okhranyaemye raiony». Doklad General'nogo Sekretarya OON na Forume OON po lesam (20 aprelya – 1 maya 2009 g.) // Dok. EKOSOS E/CN.18/2009/6 ot 9 fevralya 2009 goda // http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=E/CN.18/2009/6 (data obrashcheniya: 8.05.2017).
32.
Pok M.V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy ustoichivogo lesopol'zovaniya: postanovka voprosa // Evraziiskii yuridicheskii zhurnal. 2016. № 3. S. 54 – 56.
33.
Eikerman A. Forests in International Law: is There Really a Need for an In-ternational Forest Convention? Heidelberg: Springer, 2015. 196 p.
34.
Konventsiya OON o bioraznoobrazii 1992 g. // http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/biodiv.shtml (data obrashche-niya: 3.03.2017).
35.
Nagoiskii protokol 2010 g. regulirovaniya dostupa k geneticheskim re-sursam i sovmestnogo ispol'zovaniya na spravedlivoi i ravnoi osnove vygod ot ikh primeneniya k Konventsii OON o biologicheskom raznoobrazii // http://www.un.org.ru/documents/decl_conv/conv_geneticres.shtml (data obrashcheniya: 4.03.2017).
36.
Mezhdunarodnyi dogovor o rastitel'nykh geneticheskikh resursakh dlya proizvodstva prodovol'stviya i vedeniya sel'skogo khozyaistva 2001 g. // http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conv_geneticres.shtml (data obrashcheniya: 25.07.2017).
37.
Mezhdunarodnoe soglashenie po tropicheskoi drevesine 2006 g. http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=INT&n=33880 (data obrashcheniya: 16.07.2017).
38.
Parizhskoe soglashenie po klimatu 2015 g. // https://unfccc.int/files/meetings/paris_nov_2015/application/pdf/paris_agreement_russian_.pdf. (data obrashcheniya: 17.07.2017).
39.
Konventsiya OON 1994 g. po bor'be s opustynivaniem // http://www.un.org/ru/documents/ods.asp?m=A/AC.241/27 (data obrashcheniya: 18.07.2017).
40.
Palenova M.M., Lobovikov M.A. Perspektivy Foruma OON po lesam posle 2015 goda // Lesokhozyaistvennaya informatsiya. 2015 № 2. S. 95 –103.