Administrative and municipal lawReference:
Adaptation of migrant domestic workers as a means of guaranteeing national security: international tendencies and the experience of Canada
Abstract.The research subject is international tendencies and national mechanisms of guaranteeing the rights of migrant domestic workers in the context of their adaptation to new social relations for national security protection. Migrant domestic workers are the most vulnerable category of labor migrants, which is explained both by their gender and by the peculiarities of their work. Multiple exploitation (by employers, families and the state of origin), isolation determined by the specificity of work (especially connected with home care), complicated family relations – these factors have negative impact on psychological and physical condition of migrant domestic workers, increasing the risk of negative influence of asocial persons, formation or aggravation of mental diseases. To acquire the most reliable scientific results, the author uses the set of general scientific methods (system-structural, formal-logical, hermeneutical approaches) and specific methods of legal cognition (comparative-legal and formal-legal methods). Taking into account the specificity of the research subject, the author applies the interdisciplinary approach based on sociological data. The impossibility to realize public supervision in the sphere of migration and protection of labor, low level of legal culture and religion-based legal consciousness of most migrant domestic workers are the factors of their involvement in extremist (terrorist) activities. Therefore, it is critically important to implement the state policy aimed at adaptation and involvement of migrant domestic workers in social relation using the activities of social organizations, cultural and national centers, labor unions, etc. It is necessary to as soon as possible ratify the Convention No 189, containing minimum labor standards for migrant domestic workers, and, taking into account the experience of Canada, successfully realizing the Live-in Caregiver Program, to develop a state program of adaptation of migrants with regard to the peculiarities of work of migrant domestic workers.
Keywords: Canada, migration, exploitation, international labour standards, migrant domestic worker, human rights, national security, labor contract, extremism, terrorism
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