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Lapina M.A., Karpukhin D.V. Administrative suspension of activity as a form of administrative punishment: the scientific-methodological and Legal approaches

Published in journal "Police activity", 2016-1 in rubric "Police enforcement", pages 11-25.

Resume: The article focuses on the current norms of the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation, regulating the notion of administrative suspension of activity as a form of administrative punishment, as well as the materials of judicial practice of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, containing the normative interpretations of this form of administrative liability. This form of punishment is inflicted only in a judicial proceeding for up to 90 days. Imposition of this sanction is determined by emergencies, threatening life and health of people, epidemic, epizootic, etc. However, the analysis of legal requirements of the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation indicates that this form of administrative punishment is often used as an alternative to other forms of administrative punishment – administrative fines and confiscation. The authors study the legal nature of this sanction, the real purpose of which is an immediate cessation of illegal actions on the part of the subject, infringing legal regulations.The methodological basis for the article contains the recent achievements of epistemology. The authors apply general philosophical and theoretical methods (dialectics, the systems method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional legal methods (formal logical), and the methods of specific sociological studies (statistical, expert evaluation, etc.).The authors conclude that it is necessary to exclude this form of administrative punishment from the sanctions of Chapter 14 of the Code of Administrative Offences, since the application of this punishment contradicts its administrative and preclusive legal nature and stimulates corruptogenic risks. The main contribution of the authors is a comprehensive study of scientific and methodological approaches and materials of judicial practice, revealing the pronounced administrative-preclusive nature of this measure of administrative coercion. The novelty of the article lies in the proposals on optimization of administrative sanctions provided in Chapter 14 of the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: administrative suspension of activity, measures of punishment, preclusive measures, preventive measures, administrative coercive measure, state coercion, administrative punishment, legal sanction, temporary prohibition of activity, administrative penalty

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1964.2016.1.16613

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