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Epanchintseva G.A., Timoshenko E.A. Alienation as a Philosophical and Psychological Category

Published in journal "Psychology and Psychotechnics", 2015-7 in rubric "Philosophy and psychology", pages 663-674.

Resume: In this review the problem of studying the concept "alienation" in philosophy, Russian and foreign psychology is retrospectively covered. The main available interpretations and translations of the term, descriptive and theoretical positions and substantial and structural views of scientists on this phenomenon are considered. The attempt to define the main substantial characteristics of alienation is made. The authors demonstrate and describe level concepts of the phenomenon of alienation andsystems of the relations which can undergo alienation. In their research the authors raise the question about manifestation of alienation in everyday life and activity, the need for its identification and psychological and psychotherapeutic work. The research methods used by the authors included the philosopho-historical and psychological retrospective analysis, theoretic comparative generalization, classification of the conceptual framework and modeling. Original contribution of the authors to the research of this phenomenon is their offer to consider alienation as a state and reaction to the incentive exceeding adaptation opportunities of a frustrating individual. It is offered to classify alienation as having the destroying, developing or mixed form. In addition, the authors offer a conceptual model and structural-functional model of alienation.

Keywords: rigidity, alienation levels, alienation, relationship, self-alienation, model of alienation, alienation forms, relation, identification, personal autonomy

DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2015.7.15307

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