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Gurevich P.S. The Holiness and Spirituality of Language and Literature

Published in journal "Philology: scientific researches", 2015-1 in rubric "The stream of books", pages 85-93.

Resume: The cultural process, as is known, does not develop linearly, openly, with customary acknowledgement of all achievements of this process. There might be cut-outs, losses, censor directives of official consciousness. Sometimes, productive creation of a researcher is cut by imprisonment. Other poets are undeservedly chased by oblivion. But great achievements of spiritual culture do not disappear without a trace. «A day comes, and an hour comes», as the saying goes, and the passionless spirit wins. It would be naive to believe that all this happens by itself, due to the logic of the cultural process. No, restoration of history requires selfless devotion, spiritual will that removes injustice. The mentioned books have been published thanks to incessant educational work of Svetlana Ya. Levit. For many years, she has been engaged in search for forgotten names, works and traditions. After each publication the general perspective of the cultural-historical process changes radically. The book by G.M. Pomerants is not just a research work, it demonstrates the mind of genius of our contemporary, it is a real encyclopaedia of the poetics of spirituality. Speaking nowadays about the spiritual dispute of civilizations we pay little attention to the Latin American region. And now the published book by V.B. Zemskoy opens the secrets of this civilization. Research methods are related to historicism. It is interpreted as ideological basis, cultural memory of art, essential condition of spirituality, the thread between generations. Historicism is a quality of the human soul, "universal responsiveness" (according to F.M. Dostoyevsky). The material uses also the method of hermeneutic analysis.The novelty of the article is conditioned by an attempt to bring to the readers the huge spiritual experience of literature creation, found in these books. Search for spirituality is always inspired by passion. In this sense, it might suffer one-sidedness. This individual involvement is balanced, harmonized by the passionless spirit. The reviewed books deal with literatures of Russia, Europe, Latin America. They are united by the poetics of spirituality. It makes various themes, continents and epochs closer. And taken together, these publications immeasurably widen the horizon of research work.

Keywords: conquista, discovery, otherness, civilization, literature, poetry, passion, spirit, inter-civilizational communication, vestnichestvo

DOI: 10.7256/2305-6177.2015.1.14313

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