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Pankratov V.N. Heroization and Popularization: in Whose Interests, What is Common, and What is Different?

Published in journal "Politics and Society", 2015-2 in rubric "Political technologies", pages 241-249.

Resume: The subject of study is the process of heroization of an individual, group of people or profession. The research object is a person, a hero or a citizen. The author considers the folk process of the birth of myths and legends and deliberate formation of heroic individuals and groups of individuals for the interests of state institutions. Special attention is paid to systems of values and causes that determine the criteria for the classification of an action as heroic. The author emphasizes the need to take into account the probabilistic nature and subjectivity of historical facts in the perception of ethics and heroic actions. An attempt is made to show that the opposition of the interests of the individual and the state through the heroic act is immoral, historically unjustified and strategically unacceptable. The research is based on the method of analysis of the systems of historical facts, study of scientific works and periodic literature, exposing essence problem questions of popularization of heroism in Russia. The basic conclusion of the article is that the policy of state institutions should be aimed at creating a stable civil position. Deliberate generation of heroic professions, social layers and separate individuals in the favour of the state of affairs of situation fraught the dissidence of society. The research novelty is caused by the fact that the author offers a number of principles that are supposed to provide internal logic of the system of popularization of heroism in Russia and assist strengthening stability of the state system.

Keywords: state, civil position, citizen, heroization, moral, ethics, hero, heroic act, society, popularization

DOI: 10.7256/1812-8696.2015.2.14292

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