- . - - 2020 - 4
Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1977,   Articles in work: 329 Declined articles: 632 

Boyarkina O.A. Theoretical aspects researching of international conflicts around bodies of water

Published in journal "Conflict Studies / nota bene", 2015-1 in rubric "The battle for resources", pages 65-77.

Resume: The subject of this research are international conflicts on border rivers. Forms, methods and tools of international water-based conflict resolution are being studied in this article. For this purpose, it is necessary to distill the defining traits of such conflict, the major factors for its emergence, and to define types of conflicts in which water resources play the role of political leverage, as well as military and economic assets for reaching goals aligned with national interests. Precedents of successful international dispute resolutions that involve joint use of bordering water resources are present. The methods of this research involve methodology used to study international water-based conflicts: content analysis, factor analysis, system methods, as well as crossdiscipline approach. Joint water basin usage regime for bodies of water adjacent to two or more states often become a source of tension and aggravation of international disputes. The author reaches a conclusion that, due to hydrological and geographical particularities, each conflict is unique, and each single instance requires an individual approach.

Keywords: international water conflict, bordering water resources, international relations, water deficiency, international security, national interests, political realism, international water Law, territorial sovereignty concept, fight for resources.

DOI: 10.7256/2409-8965.2015.1.13957

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

Bazhanov E.P. Aktual'nye problemy mezhdunarodnykh otnosheniy: Izbrannye trudy v 3 t. M.:Nauchn.kn., 2007. T.1. 328 s.
Bogaturov A.D., Kosolapov N.A., Khrustalev M.A. Ocherki teorii i metodologii politicheskogo analiza mezhdunarodnykh otnosheniy. M.: NOFMO, 2002.
Borishpolets K., Babadzhanov A. Vodnye resursy Tsentral'noy Azii v kontekste regional'nogo sotrudnichestva. Analiticheskie zapiski, M.: Tsentr postsovetskikh issledovaniy, MGIMO Universitet, vypusk 9 (29), dekabr' 2007.
Valentini K.L., Orolbaev E.E., Abylgazieva A.K. Vodnye problemy Tsentral'noy Azii. Bishkek, 2004; Dukhovnyy V.A. Integrirovannoe upravlenie vodnymi resursami. Opyt i uroki Tsentral'noy Azii navstrechu 4-mu Vsemirnomu vodnomu forumu. T.:Uzbekiston, 2005.
Glukhova A.V. Politicheskie konflikty: osnovaniya, tipologiya, dinamika: Teoret.-metodol. analiz. M.: Editorial URSS, 2000.
Danilov-Danil'yan V.I. Neizbezhny li vodnye voyny ? // Dip.ezhegodnik. M.: Nauch.kn., 2004.
Dmitriev A.V. Konfliktologiya. M.: Gardariki, 2000.
Doklad OON o razvitii cheloveka Chto kroetsya za nekhvatkoy vody: Vlast', bednost' i global'nyy krizis vodnykh resursov. M.: Ves' mir, 2006.
Kozyrev G.I. Politicheskiy konflikt: obshchee i osobennoe. Monografiya. M.: Izd-vo Ekslibris-Press, 2007.
Kurtov A.A. Vodnye resursy kak prichina konfliktov v Tsentral'noy Azii // Zhurnal'nyy klub Intelros Svobodnaya mysl'. 2013.
Petrov G.N., Akhmedov Kh.M. Kompleksnoe ispol'zovanie vodno-energeticheskikh resursov transgranichnykh rek Tsentral'noy Azii. Sovremennoe sostoyanie, problemy i puti ikh resheniya. Dushanbe: Donish, 2011.
Rudov G.A., Ponomareva E.G. Tsentral'naya Aziya. Kavkaz. Balkany : Regional'nye podsistemy i regional'nye problemy bezopasnosti : sbornik statey. M.: DA MID RF, 2007.
Rysbekov Yu.Kh. Transgranichnoe sotrudnichestvo na mezhdunarodnykh rekakh: problemy, opyt, uroki, prognozy ekspertov // Pod red. V.A. Dukhovnogo. Tashkent: NITs MKVK, 2009. S.14.
Sovremennye global'nye problemy / Otv. red. V.G. Baranovskiy, A.D. Bogaturov, red. A.S. Dundich. M.: Aspekt-Press, 2010.
Starr F. Partnerstvo v Tsentral'noy Azii // Rossiya v global'noy politike. 2008. 3. S.72-98.
Fel'dman D.M. Politologiya konflikta. M.: Aspekt-press, 1998.
Allouche J. Leau en Asie centrale : incidences dun nouveau contexte géopolitique // Cemoti. 2008. 4.
Falkenmark M. The Massive Water Scarcity Now Threatening Africa : Why Isnt It Being Addressed? // Ambio, Vol. 18, 1989. pp.112-118.
Giordano M., Wolf A. The Geography of Water Conflict and Cooperation: Internal Pressures and International Manifestations // The Geographical Journal. dec.2002.
Giordano M., Wolf A. Sharing Waters: Post-Rio International Water Management // Natural Resources Forum. May 2003.
Gleditsch N. Beyond Scarcity vs. Abundance: A Policy Research Agenda For Natural Resources and Conflict, Understanding Environment, Conflict and Cooperation, Programme UNEP, 2004.
Gleick P. Water and Conflict: Fresh Water Resources and International Security // International security. 1993.-Vol. 18. 1.
Hatami H., Gleick P. Chronology of conflict over water in the legends, myths, and history of the ancient Middle East. Water, war, and peace in the Middle East // Environment 36(3): 6. 1994.
Homer-Dixon T. Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict : Evidence from Cases // International security. 2002. 19.
Le-Huu T. Potential Water Conflicts And Sustainable Management Of International Water Resources Systems. Water Resources Journal of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). No.ST/ESCAP/SER.C/210, 2001. pp. 1-13.
McCaffrey S. The Law of International Watercourses. 2nd edition, Oxford International Law Library, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. p.527.
Morgenthau H. Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, New York: Knopf, 1988.
National Intelligence Council, Global trends 2025: A Transformed World, November 2008.
Ohlsson L. Water and social resource scarcity, FAO Issue Paper (Rome: Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)), 1998.
Rodda G. On the problems of assessing the World water resources // Geoscience and water resource environment data model. Berlin: Heidelberg. 1997. pp. 14-32.
Thorson E.J. Sharing Himalayan Glacial Meltwater: The role of Territorial Sovereignty // Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law. 2009. Vol. 19. p.496.
Wolf T.A., Yoffe B. Shira, Giordano M. International waters: Indicators for identifying basins at risk. Oregon State University, UNESCO-IHP, 2002, 30 p.
Van der Zaag P., Savenije H. H.G. Towards improved management of shared river basins: lessons from the Maseru Conference //Water Policy. 2000. Vol. 2. pp.47-63.

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard