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Ismaiylova, Kh. E. The Reasons of Ethnic Conflicts

Published in journal "Politics and Society", 2014-8 in rubric "Conflict and consensus", pages 924-933.

Resume: The present article is devoted to modern views on the nature and reasons of ethnic confl icts, their classifi - cation and typology as well as means, methods and technologies of their peaceful regulation and solution. The main purpose is to show that ethnic confl icts in social relations are one of the natural forms of socio-political interaction. Without them the evolution of the social system would be impossible. Ethnic confl icts and their causes are viewed by the researcher not only from the point of view of the opposition between different opinions of experts in ethnology but also from the point of view of the leading political trends: primordialism, instrumentalism and constructivism. The methodological basis of the research includes systems, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative- political, geopolitical and cultural-civilizational approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling and observance. Modern ethnic confl icts do not only allow to discover and solve contradictions that arise as a result of the evolution of ethnic communities and development of international and multi-cultural interaction but also to develop new forms of social and political behavior in extreme situations (confl icts and crises) that increase the stability of the entire system of social relations in general.

Keywords: Contradictions, constructivism, primordialism, instrumentalism, ethnicity, ethnos, society, confl ict, politics, identifi cation.

DOI: 10.7256/1812-8696.2014.8.12698

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