Published in journal "Politics and Society", 2014-6 in rubric "Social studies and monitoring", pages 632-641.
Resume: The author of the article analyzes the infl uence of the socio-cultural factor and the factor of settlements in terms of opportunities and prospects of modernizing the activity of territorial communities. The importance of the topic is caused by the differences and contradictions in the values of the Russian society as well as a deep social inequality, territorial disparity and inter-settlement differentiation. Special attention is paid to the analysis of peculiarities of traditional and modernistic values and behavioral stereotypes of Russians depending on a type of settlement. The author also views contradictory effects of modernization regarding the territorial development of the country in general. Analyzing the problem, the author takes into account the main provisions of the theory of modernization regarding transformations of socio-cultural grounds of a modern society which allows to conceptualize integrated infl uence of the socio-cultural factor and the factor of settlements on the development of territorial communities. A territorial community is viewed as a complex self-development system which performance and development depend on many factors. The integral infl uence of the socio-cultural factor and the factor of settlements causes the difference in values of Russian people which, fi nally, defi nes creates special features of the social and economic development of independent territorial communities and territorial development of the country in general.
Keywords: Territorial community, social and economic development, modernization, socio-cultural factor, factor of settlements, values, value priorities, social inequality, territorial disparity, differentiation between settlements.
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