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Berezina, T. N. Independent Sound of Dream Images

Published in journal "Psychology and Psychotechnics", 2014-1 in rubric "The conscious and the unconscious", pages 57-68.

Resume: The author of the article views dream images as a particular case of mental models. She establishes that the patterns and rules defined for dream images will apply to all mental models. It is assumed that the word plays a dual role for the psyche. On one hand, it is the element of the second signaling system. In this regard the word is viewed as the component of consciousness, a sign or a meaning. On the other hand, the word is the element of the first signaling system, i.e. the sound. It is assumed that the images of the highest order have the acoustic component that can be presented as the combination of incoherent sounds, generalized parts of words as well as words mechanically recorded by the memory with reference to the images of these phenomena. This is the element of the first signallig system. It is unconscious and does not relate to the meaning of words. The author analyzes over a hundred of lucid dreams described by the participants of the web community called The Road of the Dream. A lucid dream means a dream when we realize that we are asleep and therefore we can control some part of our dreams. The results of research show that the acoustic component can be present in the dream images both in active and passive forms. The active sound is associated with the dream images of the highest order (people, rarely animals and space-like formations). Passive vocalization is possible when a dreamer addresses a question to his dream image. Passive vocalization is possible for all kinds of images including images of inanimate objects. The author also studies the phenomenon of recollection of an image based on a word pronounced by the dreamer. Noteworthy that the recalled image can sound similar but have a completely different meaning than the word.

Keywords: psychology, images, dreams, lucid dreams, mental models, images of the highest order, signaling system, consciousness, words, meaning.

DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2014.1.10594

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