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Demina, M.F. Administrative legal regulation of private detective and security services and permissive system

Published in journal "Administrative and municipal law", 2014-2 in rubric "Administrative law, municipal law and security", pages 95-102.

Resume: Topicality of this article is due to the fact that the development of the institution of private detective and security services goes on in a complicated and contradictory environment. The variety of detective and security activities and the development of entrepreneurial activities caused the need for the formation of the market for security and detective services. The demand for the services of private detective and security enterprises is currently rather high. According to the data provided by the information centers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation over 23 000 private security enterprises and about 4000 security services are registered, and they work with over 250 000 objects, the total number of employees of private security companies amounts to 740 000 people. They have 119 000 units of firearms, 83 700 pistols. Over 1 000 000 people work for private detective and security companies. The process of studies involved theoretical, general philosophical methods (dialectic, systemic method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), as well as the traditional legal methods (formal logic), and the methods used in specific sociological studies (statistical, expert evaluation, etc.). In the process of formation of the rule-of-law state the issue of reliable protection of rights and lawful interests of natural persons and legal entities is especially topical. In the market economy conditions the existing state law-enforcement bodies fail to guarantee necessary level of security for the citizens and entrepreneurial subjects. That is why private detective and security enterprises appeared in mass quantities in 1990s in Russia.

Keywords: police, security, guard, detective, detective work, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Department of Internal Affairs, control, permission, system.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2807.2014.2.10789

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