Ðóñ Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2065,   Articles in work: 293 Declined articles: 786 
Library

G. G. Yershova Scientific Knowledge and Technology in Ancient Mesoamerica: The Problem of Study

Published in journal "History magazine: researches", 2013-5 in rubric "Regions of the world in the global historical process", pages 561-572.

Resume: This article maintains that a model of presentation of rational knowledge from the moment of its appearance in man inevitably took on a religious character. However, this mere fact attests to active scientific search for resolving this fundamentally important (perhaps most important) intellectual problem. How does scientific knowledge that permits transformation of surrounding reality emerge? At present only the search directions for this over-complicated structure are identified. On the whole the brain perceives itself for the purpose of awareness and transformation through technologies of surrounding reality. And as a result it undergoes changes, perfecting itself in a certain way. This most complex enclosed intellectual and social process, whose disclosure is repelled from psycho-physiological factors, since ancient times has been reflected in the construction of a model of the world. The elements of the model of the ancient Mayan world differ by significant elaboration of scientific knowledge (especially mathematics and astronomy, which belongs to constant, general cosmic, influence on the anthroposystem). Therefore they coincide with similar knowledge of the Old World. This knowledge has both an applied, a necessary for survival, character (cyclical reproduction, social organization, agricultural and hunting calendar), and an abstract character, pointing to the current state of developing society. Complex structures of social construction and abstract knowledge are superimposed on a complex of perceptive-empirical ideas reflecting the development of man’s thinking and his intellectual abilities (though externally this statement also looks like a set of “myths,” “mythological images,” and illogicality of the space-time continuum).

Keywords: history, methodology, interdisciplinary, scientific knowledge, history of technology, anthroposystems, model of the universe, ancient Maya, Mesoamerica, ancient world.

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1972.2013.5.9430

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

Bibliography:
Arshavskiy V.V, Rotenberg V.S. Poiskovaya aktivnost' i adaptatsiya// M., 1984.
Bekhterev V.M. Rol' vnusheniya v obshchestvennoy zhizni. Izbrannye trudy po psikhologii lichnosti. T. 2: Ob'ektivnoe izuchenie lichnosti. SPb., 1999.
Bekhterev V.M. Izbrannye trudy po psikhologii lichnosti. T. 1–2. SPb, 1999.
Bekhterev V.M. Vnushenie i vospitanie // Bekhterev V.M. Rol' vnusheniya v obshchestvennoy zhizni... S. 158. (Doklad na 1-m mezhdunarodnom Pedagogicheskom kongresse v Bryussele v avguste 1911 g.)
Bibliya. Izdanie Rossiyskogo bibleyskogo obshchestva. M., 2004.
Girenko N.M. Printsip stadial'noy geterogennosti v obshchestve i zakon Gekkelya // Voprosy etnicheskoy semiotiki. Spb., 1999.
Dobrokhotova T.A., Bragina N.N. Levshi. M., 1994.
Ershova G.G. Chernosvitov P.Yu. Nauka i religiya: novyy simbioz? S-Pb., 2003.
Ershova G.G. Asimmetriya zerkal'nogo mira. M., 2003.
Ershova G.G. Vospriyatie okruzhayushchego mira drevnim chelovekom i sposob sozdaniya im Modeli Universuma // Gorizonty antropologii. M., Nauka, 2003. SS. 88-93.
Ershova G.G. Drevnyaya Amerika: polet vo vremeni i prostranstve. Severnaya Amerika i Yuzhnaya Amerika. M., 2007.
Ershova G.G. Novye podkhody v izuchenii pis'mennykh kul'tur Novogo Sveta v svete kalendarnogo "fenomena 2012" // "Istoricheskiy zhurnal-nauchnye issledovaniya" ¹ 3, 2011. S. 5-15.
Ershova G.G. V poiskakh bessmertiya. M., 2009.
Yershova G.G. Comets and meteors in the beliefs of ancient mayas. // Astronomical and Astrophysical Transactions. Gordon and Breach science publishers. Vol. 20 ISSUE 6 (2001). PP.1017-1037. 2001.
Knorozov Yu.V. K voprosu o genezise paleoliticheskikh izobrazheniy // Covetskaya etnografiya. 1976. ¹ 2. S. 99–102.
Mechnikov I.I. Rudimenty chelovecheskoy psikhiki v nekotorykh fiziologicheskikh i psikhicheskikh aktakh // Mir bozhiy. ¹ 11. 1904. S. 1–17.
Morgan L. G. Drevnee obshchestvo. L., 1934
Steny i mosty: mezhdistsiplinarnye podkhody v istoricheskikh issledovaniyakh. Materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii. M., 2012.
Feydenberg O.M. Mif i literatura drevnosti. M., 1978.
Fritt K. Mozg i dusha. M., 2004.
Engel's F. Proiskhozhdenie sem'i, chastnoy sobstvennosti i gosudarstva. M., 1980.
Brasseur de Bourbourg Ch.-E. “Des sources de l’histoire primitive de Mexique et de l’Amerique Centrale, etc., dans les monuments egiptiens et de l’histoire primitive de l’Egipte dans les monuments americains; Introduction a la Relacion des choses de Yucatan”. In: Landa Diego de. Relacion des choses de Yucatan. Paris, 1864, P. LXXVIII-LXXIX.
Landa Diego de. Relacion des choses de Yucatan. Par l'abbe Brasseur de Bourbourg. Paris, 1864. “Des sources de l’histoire primitive de Mexique et de l’Amerique Centrale, etc., dans les monuments egiptiens et de l’histoire primitive de l’Egipte dans les monuments americains; Introduction a la Relacion des choses de Yucatan”. P. IX-CXII.
Bandelier A.F. On the art of war and mode of warfare of the ancient Mexicans // Annual Reports 1876 / Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University. Cambridge (Mass.), 1877;
Bandelier A.F. On the Distribution and Tenure of Lands and the Customs with respect to Inheritance among the Ancient Mexicans // Annual Reports 1877 / Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University. Cambridge (Mass.), 1878; 25. Bandelier A.F. On the Social Organization and Mode of Government of the Ancient Mexicans // Annual Reports 1878 / Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University. Cambridge (Mass.), 1879.
Przhilenskiy V.I. Filosofiya nauki kak issledovatel'skaya programma: mezhdu istoriey nauki i teoriey poznaniya // NB: Filosofskie issledovaniya. - 2013. - 3. - C. 205 - 228. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/fr/article_267.html
Yakovlev V.A. Informatsionnoe edinstvo bytiya: soznanie, zhizn', materiya // NB: Filosofskie issledovaniya. - 2013. - 10. - C. 1 - 57. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/fr/article_8920.html

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard