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Shvidkovskiy D.O. John Webb and the birth of the exotic universalism in the XVII England

Published in journal "History magazine: researches", 2012-1 in rubric "Culture and cultures in historical context", pages 77-83.

Resume: the article shows key milestones of the biography of a professional architect and amateur philologist Webb J., shows the feature of his world of thinking, which can be described as an exotic universalism — a search for the ideal culture not only in classical sources, but also in very unexpected spheres, as well as ways to solve on of the key questions of British architectural culture of the XVII century — the question of the primacy of the classical or natural ideal.

Keywords: history, history of British architecture, Jones I., Webb J., exotic universalism, Stonehenge, “Antiques of China” by Webb J., art “protolanguage”, “architectural” mentality, fatigue of the domination of the classical ancient origin.

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Bibliography:
1. Bold J. John Webb. Architectural Theory and Practice in the XVII century. London, 1986.
2. Charletone W. Chorea Gigantum: Or the Most Famous Antiquity of Great Britain Vulgarly Called Stone-Heng… Restored to the Danes… London, 1663.
3. Customs And Manners Of The Chineans Are Presented, And Ancient And Modern Authors Consulted With… London, 1678, pref.
4. Jones I. The Most Notable Antiquity of Great Britain Vulgary Called Stone-Heng on Salisbury Plain. Restored by Inigo Jones, Esquire, Architect of the Late King… Printed by James Fletcher for Daniel Paheman at the Sighn of the
5. Prichard A. A Source for the Lifes of Inigo Jones and John Webb // Architectural History, n. 23. London, 1980.
6. Rainbow in Fleet Street and Lawrence Chapman Next Door to the Fountain Tavern in the Strand. London, 1655.
7. Rivosecchi V. Esotismo in Roma Barocca. Studi sul padre Kircher. Roma, 1980.
8. Robinson C. Register of the Merchant Taylor’s School. London, 1882.
9. Webb J. A Vindication of Stone-Heng Restored: In Which the Orders and Rules of Architecture Observed by the Ancient Romans Are Discussed. Together with the Customs and Manners of Several Nations of the World in Matters of Building of Greatest Antiquity. As also an Historical Narration of the Most Memorable Actions of the Danes in England. London, 1665.
10. Webb J. The Antiquity of China, Or An Historical Essay Endeavouring A Probability That The Language of China Is The Primitive Language Spoken Through The Whole World Before The Confusion Of Babel. Wherein The Customs And Manners Of The Chineans Are Presented, And Ancient And Modern Authors Consulted With… London, 1678, pref.

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