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Gibadullina, E. M. Volga Region Tatars in Barter in the Territory of Kazakhstan during the Second Half of XVIII - XIX centuries

Published in journal "Politics and Society", 2011-12 in rubric "Social studies and monitoring", pages 90-101.

Resume: During the second half of XVIII-XIX centuries there were certain geoeconomic and geopolitical reasons for activating trading relations between Russia and Kazakhstan. Socio-cultural identity of Volga region Tatars and Kazakhs has allowed the Russian government to mobilize Tatars for development of the trading relations between Russia and Kazakhstan. The most widespread forms of trade of Tatars in steppe was exchange which was carried out during karavanno-transit, on exchange court yard, and also in a kind of setting up. Barter was carried out by Tatars both on Orenburg, and on Siberian lines as well as in steppe villages.

Keywords: geoeconomy, geopolitics, geostrategy, ethno linguistic, confessional, identity, transit, barter, setting up trade.

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