Sukhanova O.V., Larina T.V. —
To the Problem of System Description of Russian-English Lacunae, Belonging to Different Parts of Speech
// Philology: scientific researches. – 2019. – ¹ 2.
– P. 12 - 20.
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Review: The subject of the research is specific nature of national specificity manifestation of the lacunae belonging to different parts of speech. The purpose is to describe the thematic groups of Russian-English verbal, substantive and attributive lacunae relating to the military sphere. To bring to light the national peculiarity the system of formalized indexes is used. The research novelty is connected with revealing and testing new formalized parameters within the groups of lacunae that have not been studied from such perspective. In the course of the research we made use of the following methods: the continuous sampling method from a lexicographical source, the quantitative analysis method, comparative analysis and comparative-parametric method of linguistic research. The theoretical importance of the research is determined by the fact that methods of comparative description have got further amplification. The indexes are used to determine quantitative characteristics of national peculiarity. The results we obtained can be utilized in practice of teaching professionally oriented translation, comparative typology of the Russian and English languages and be used for further inter and intralinguistic research. Through the prism of the indexes conclusion about the degree of the groups’ national specificity is drawn.
Sukhanova O.V. —
Characteristics of Typological Classification of Russian-English Verbal Lacunaes in a Group of Verbs that Describe Military Actions
// Philology: scientific researches. – 2019. – ¹ 1.
– P. 56 - 65.
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Review: The subject of the research is the characteristics of lacunarity in military vocabulary. The aim of the research is to describe a group of Russian-English verbal lacunaes depending on thematic and typological principles and to define the degree of lacunarity of such a group. The results of the research has allowed to describe characteristics of a typological classification of interlanguage lacunaes in the military vocabulary. The results can be used in teaching Russian and English as native and foreign languages as well as during theoretical and practical sessions of translations to be made by military students. In the course of the research the author has used the following methods: the continuous sampling method to select the language sample from lexicographical sources, the method of comparative analysis and the method of quantitative research. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author defines a list of lacuna characteristics in a group of military verbal lacunaes. The results of the research demonstrate a large degree of the nominative representability of a group of part-of-speech verbs as well as describe a list of characteristics for associated levels and steps. It is important to define characteristics of the classification of aforesaid verbal lacunaes to compare national features of lacunaes with different part-of-speech reference within the military discourse.